HIS 3 Paper #1
Throwing off the British monarchy on July 4, 1776, left the United States with no central government. It had to design and install a new government and quickly. As early as May 1776, Congress advised each of the colonies to draw up plans for state government; by 1780, all thirteen states had adopted written constitutions. In June 1776, the Continental Congress began to work on a plan for a central government. It took five years for it to be approved, first by members of Congress and then by the states. This first attempt at a constitution for the United States was called the Articles of Confederation. The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the newly formed founding states that helped recognize that the United States as a league of sovereign states as its first attempt at a constitutional government. This first constitution was composed by a body that directed most of its attention to fighting and winning the War for Independence. It came into being at a time when Americans had a deep seated fear of a central authority and long standing loyalty to the state in which they lived and often called their “country”. Ultimately, the Articles of Confederation proved unwieldy and inadequate to resolve the issues that faced the United States in its earliest years; but in granting any Federal powers to a central authority- the Confederation Congress- this document marked a crucial step towards nationhood. The Articles of Confederation was in force until March 4, 1789. The Articles of Confederation was replaced with the U.S Constitution on March 4th, 1789. Under the Articles of Confederation, states often argued amongst themselves. They also refused to financially support the national government. Due to the 9/13 policy which would allow a law to be passed most new laws weren’t. Even so the government had trouble enforcing the laws it could pass. Some of weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation were that Congress didn’t...
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