Weakness and Strength Og Tenth Five Year Plan

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  • Topic: Tribe, Adivasi, Economics
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  • Published : April 4, 2011
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Home Resources Report to the Planning Commission of India for the Tenth Five Year Plan on Tribal Policies and Legislations relating to Protection and Development of Scheduled Tribes, Report to the Planning Commission of India for the Tenth Five Year Plan on Tribal Policies and Legislations relating to Protection and Development of Scheduled Tribes,

Bhanumathi Kalluri & Ravi Rebbapragada (Samata), 2002
“ The Constitution intends that land shall always remain with the tribal “ The Third Five Year Plan document extracts the basic features of the socialist pattern of society which also reflects the philosophy behind the framework of the Fifth and Sixth Schedules of the Constitution.  It says that “Essentially, this means that the basic criterion for determining lines of advance must not be private profit, but social gain, and that the pattern of development and the structure of socio-economic relations should be so planned that they result not only in appreciable increase in national income and employment but also in greater equality in incomes and wealth….The benefits of economic development must accrue more and more to the relatively less privileged classes of society, and there should be progressive reduction of the concentration of incomes, wealth and economic power…The accent of the socialist pattern of society is on the attainment of positive goals, the raising of living standards, the enlargement of opportunities for all, the promotion of enterprise among the disadvantaged classes and the creation of a sense of partnership among the disadvantaged classes and the creation of a sense of partnership among all sections of the community.  These positive goals provide the criteria for basic decisions.  The Directive Principles of State Policy in the Constitution have indicated the approach in broad terms; the socialist pattern of society is a more concretised expression of this approach.  Economic policy and institutional changes have to be planned in a manner that would secure economic advance along democratic and egalitarian lines….”  

The New Economic Policy and the Scheduled Areas:
The Fifth Schedule of the Constitution was based on this very philosophy of socialist pattern of society.  We find that the last decade has witnessed a reversal of this philosophy and the economic policies and reforms being taken up are leading towards a negative approach to the disadvantaged classes, especially the tribal communities.  There has been a clear shift from the strong protection role of the State towards these communities to one of justification for their exploitation in the name of economic development.  The laws and protective safeguards as laid down in the Constitution for the tribal people are facing severe changes and amendments as successive governments are making more attempts to diluting the Acts than to protecting them.  

Alienation of Tribal Lands to Non-Tribals:
 
The nature of land alienation in the Scheduled Areas is broadly of two types. 1) The first is the alienation of land to non-tribals and plains-men which has historically been the major form of transfer of land from tribals.  The State was meant to play a pro-active role in ensuring that tribal lands are restored back from non-tribals in this kind of exploitation.  Different state governments had framed different kinds of protective laws under this and the results have been varied.  Andhra Pradesh has an exemplary land regulation called the Land Transfer Regulation Act of 1959 later amended in 1970.  Despite such a strong legislation, there are a large number of pending cases where land has to be restored to the tribals.  In order to effect this what is required are: * A strong political will to dispose of the cases

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