The third scene is from page 56 to page 57. This conversation is about the character Kuntum who was not a historical person but is given a major role in the play.
ACTOR/DS ACTOR/L ACTOR/DS ACTOR/L ACTOR/DS ACTOR/L ACTOR/DS ACTOR/L ACTOR/DS ACTOR/L
: : : : : : : : : :
Did that actually happen in history, Mony? Depends on whose history. But did that character, what’s her name? Kuntum. Did Kuntum really exist? There were people like her. Like her. but was there a real-life Kuntum? Does it matter? But this is tampering with history, Mony. This is fiction, Yatim.
All the three scenes above causes the audience themselves to start thinking about the accuracy of history and also remind them that they are just watching a play. The message that Kee wishes to get across to the audience is very clear each time such conversations take place: Do not believe in everything that you see, listen and read. History is just a fiction and can be changed accordingly. Thus, there are many versions to it. In case you have not noticed, these conversations are spoken by characters that have dropped out of character. This technique is called the alienation effect where the actors are both themselves and also the characters they play. The actors are alienated from their roles in order to make the audience more aware of the issue, history is fiction. It also jolts the audience back to reality that they are just watching a play and reminds them that they are exposed to some truths as presented by the playwright and his plays which however may not be true. Each time the actors drop out of characters, they question about what they have just said in the play. For example, in the first scene, the actor playing Sultan who says “History is fiction” questions the character he is playing. By stepping out, he emphasises the point that history is indeed fiction. Therefore, the ideas concerning history raised in this play are that history is fiction and the truth can be manipulated. Each time the characters drop out of character, they highlight the reality and reinforce these ideas.
QUESTION 2 I agree with Robert Yeo’s statement and it is true that power is not only a pursuit of the past but also the present. The...