Theology from Greek meaning theo meaning “God” and logy meaning study is the systematic and rational study of concepts of God and its influences and of the nature of religious truths, or the learned profession acquired by completing specialized training in religious studies, usually at a university or school of divinity or seminary. God was described in terms derived from ancient Greek philosophy. God is said to be as all powerful, all-knowing and transcendent. "Transcendent" meaning beyond the world of human experience, outside of ourselves and distinct from the world he created.
Western concepts of God have ranged from the detached transcendent demiurge of Aristotle to the pantheism of Spinoza. Nevertheless, much of western thought about God has fallen within some broad form of theism. Theism is the view that there is a God which is the creator and sustainer of the universe and is unlimited with regard to omniscience knowledge, omnipotence power, omnipresence extension, and moral perfection. Western philosophy has interfaced most obviously with Christianity, Judaism and Islam has had some influence. The orthodox forms of all three religions have embraced theism, though each religion has also yielded a wide array of other views. Philosophy has shown a similar variety. For example, with regard to the initiating cause of the world, Plato and Aristotle held God to be the crafter of uncreated matter. Plotinus regarded matter as emanating from God. Spinoza, departing from his judaistic roots, held God to be identical with the universe, while Hegel came to a similar view by reinterpreting Christianity. This brings us to the Greeks.
At the dawn of philosophy, the Greeks sought to understand the true nature of the cosmos and its manifestations of both change and permanence. To Heraclitus, all was change and nothing endured, whereas to Parmenides, all change was apparent. The Pythagoreans found order and permanence in mathematics, giving it religious...
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