Ways in Which Therories and Principles of Learning Can Be Applied to Inclusive Practice

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EXPLAIN WAYS IN WHICH THEORIES AND PRINCIPLES OF LEARNING AND COMMUNICATION CAN BE APPLIED TO PROMOTE INCLUSIVE PRACTICE. Over the years scientist and psychologists have been interested in finding out how we learn. As a result of this numerous theories now exist regarding teaching and learning, the main ones being behaviourism, neo-behaviourism, constructivism, humanist, andragogy and many more. As previously discussed in (unit 4 1.1) theorist started looking at how animals react to new information and then developed this to include learning in humans in an educational context.

Minton (2002) identified that
“The history of education is littered with failed theories, even those that were the result of years and years of research” (pg213) Highlighting that the principles of learning are not new, people have deliberated over this subject for years as the quote below illustrates. “Tell me and I’ll forget. Show me and l’ll remember. Involve me and I’ll understand.” Confucius (551BC-479BC) Chinese Philosopher Theorist have built on each others work over time, in this essay I aim to cover briefly some of the theories which I feel are the relevant to my group of distance learners. From my initial research I will select and critically analyse the impact that these of these principles or theories on the important milestones of learning and teaching and relate humanistic theories to my own teaching. I have chosen Rodgers, , ???????????? whose views on how the theories and principles of learning and communication have all impacted on the method of teaching utilising my distance learning group as an example.

There are many different theories and principles which have been developed to help us understand how effective learning, communication and curriculum design underpin and enable teachers to develop high quality inclusive practice.

Whilst undertaking this research I have learnt about teaching techniques that provide intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Reece and Walker (2003) argued that “A less able student who is highly motivated can achieve greater success than the more intelligent student who is not motivated”

This has made me consider and reflect on factors affecting how my own students learn. Some students have barriers to learning, resulting in lack of motivation although I have not been able to identify this within my own group. This can be demonstrated in the following ways, poor attendance, lateness, learners not participating in lessons, disruptive behaviour but this is difficult to highlight in my students as they are all distance learners. Motivation is considered to be a key element in the successful learning process, so one key challenge facing teachers today it how to motivate their students to want to learn. To maximise motivation it is necessary to consider the key concept related to motivation. Maslow developed his pyramid on five levels to explain his theory on motivation and that as each level is achieved the student moves up to the next level until they reach the top that of self actualisation or achievement.

I chose to look at the work of Carl Rodgers who developed a theory of facilitative learning; his theory is related to the humanistic approach. Like Maslow he believed that people posses a natural propensity to learn and fulfil their potential. The basis of this theory is that learning will occur with the educator acting as a facilitator. He implied that the teacher should not be there to control and dictate learning but to make learning possible by creating a climate which is most conducive to allowing personal growth. He sees the teacher as a facilitator of learning, a provider of resources for learning and someone who shares feelings as well as knowledge with their students. Some characteristics of this theory are that human beings have a natural eagerness to learn and that the most significant learning involves changing the concept of you. He suggested...
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