Watson's Theory of Human Caring
University of Phoenix
Watson's Theory of Human Caring
The purpose of this paper is to take an in-depth look of Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring. I will describe a caring moment that I have had with a patient in the past and I will describe how Watson’s carative factors were utilized in the transpersonal relationship. Watson has a total of ten carative factors that serve as the foundation and framework for the science and practice of nursing (Alligood & Tomey, 2006, p. 103). Transpersonal caring is the proposed approach to achieve connections in which the nurse and the patient change together (Alligood & Tomey, 2006, p. 47). Watson defines caring “as the ethical and moral ideal of nursing that has interpersonal and humanistic qualities. It is a complex concept involving development of a range of knowledge, skills, and expertise and encompassing holism, empathy, communication, clinical competence, technical proficiency, and interpersonal skills (Alligood & Tomey, 2006, p. 104, para 1). Once one has read this paper, they should have clearer understanding of how to apply Watson’s Theory of Human Caring into their nursing practice. Background
Jean Watson is originally from West Virginia (Watson, 2006). She attended Lewis-Gale School of Nursing in Roanoke, VA from 1958-1961, where she received her R.N. (Registered Nurse) Diploma in Nursing. She moved to Boulder, CO to obtain her BSN (Bachelor of Science in Nursing) from the University of Colorado. She received her BSN in 1964 (Watson, 2006). She received her Masters Degree in Psychiatric Mental-Health Nursing in 1966 from the University of Colorado Medical Center, in Denver, CO (Watson, 2006). From 1969-1970 she attended school at the University of Colorado where she did graduate study in Social and Clinical Psychology (Watson, 2006). She went to school at the University of Colorado from 1969-1973 where she received her Ph.D. in Educational Psychology and Counseling (Watson, 2006).
Dr. Jean Watson is “Distinguished Professor of Nursing and holds an endowed Chair in Caring Science at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center” (Watson, 2006, About Dr. Jean Watson, para.1). She is a widely published author. She has received several awards and honors which include, “an international Kellogg Fellowship in Australia, a Fulbright Research Award in Sweden and six (6) Honorary Doctoral Degrees, including 3 International Honorary Doctorates (Sweden, United Kingdom, Quebec, Canada)” (Watson, 2006, About Dr. Jean Watson, para.2).
She has traveled the globe several times and has many opportunities to give lectures on her theory of human caring. “Clinical nurses and academic programs throughout the world use her published works on the philosophy and theory of human caring and the art of science in nursing” (Watson, 2006, About Dr. Jean Watson, para.4). Her caring philosophy is used to guide new models of caring and healing practices throughout the globe. “In 1999, the Fetzer Institute honored her with the national Norman Cousins Award in recognition of her commitment to developing; maintaining and exemplifying relationship-centered care practices” (Watson, 2006, About Dr. Jean Watson, para.4).
Dr. Watson was teaching at the University of Colorado when she developed the Theory of Human Caring. It was first published in 1979 as a basic text for baccalaureate students (Falk Rafael, 2000). Watson states “it was my initial attempt to bring meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and distinct health profession with its own unique values, knowledge and practices, with its own ethic and mission to society. The work was also influenced by my involvement with an integrated academic nursing curriculum and efforts to find common meaning and order to nursing that transcended settings, populations, specialty, subspecialty...