Water Polution

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VIETNAM RIVER WATER POLLUTION

DUONG QUOC MINH TRIEU, Batch 3, Class D
Faculty of Business Administration
Academic year 2007-2008
Ho Chi Minh City S.T.U.-based TROY UNIVERSITY

[pic]
Huong River

InstructorM.Sc. NGUYEN PHUC BAO HOA
DepartmentBiology
SubjectPrinciples of Biology and Lab
AssignmentWriting Essay
Submitted 3-November-2007

CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................................3

2 FACTS ABOUT RIVER POLLUTION................................................4 Shrunk usable water source..................................................................................4 Damages from river pollution..............................................................................4 What are the causes?.............................................................................................5

3 FINDING SOLUTIONS..................................................................................7

4 CONCLUSION.....................................................................................................8

5 REFERENCES......................................................................................................9

1 INTRODUCTION

There have been many people accepting polluted environments in exchanging for modernizing and industrializing their countries. Once the countries are rich, they will use money to refresh the contaminated environment. For some recent decades, many poor countries are sacrificing the environment for the goal of becoming developed countries. And Vietnam, with the hope of becoming an economic dragon of Asia, has been acting by this way in developing economy. As a result, Vietnam is now facing many environment problems, especially in term of river pollution.

2 FACTS ABOUT RIVER POLLUTION

Shrunk usable water source

The amount of water resource of Vietnam for domestic using, cultivating, and manufacturing is about two hundred and fifty-five billion cubic meters annually. However, it is estimated that because of inadequate physical infrastructure and lack of financial capacity, the utilization of water is only fifty-three billion cubic meters per year [1]. This figure has been becoming smaller and smaller because the untreated wastewater poured directly into rivers from factories, hospitals and households makes the rivers seriously contaminated. If there is no solution to break this situation, we will no longer have clean water for domestic using, cultivating, and manufacturing.

Damages from river pollution

With the economy development, the Vietnamese GDP has been increasing at about eight to nine percent each year lately, the second highest increasing rate in the world, and many people are optimistic with this. However, this is a false achievement because we do not take the cost of rehabilitating polluted environment into account. There is not any statistic about the cost for cleaning the river pollution in a nation scale. But, it must be, in the reality, a huge number. The Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe canal in Ho Chi Minh City, for instance, is just eighty-six hundred meters in length but it costs some one hundred sixteen million and six hundred thousand dollars for being refreshed its polluted water [2]. The Tan Hiep water-processing plant in Ho Chi Minh City is in probability to be stopped operating because the water supplied from the Sai Gon River is being severely polluted [3]. This means that the city’s people are facing the danger of lack of fresh water.

Besides, there are intangible damages due to the river pollution. The health of the people is negatively influenced by the polluted water source. The contaminated river water can cause the aquatic living things sick or dead. They are also disease-transmitting factors for people. If the people eat them, they can be sick or more seriously, be killed. The life of many river- based people is becoming worse....
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