Water Pollution in India

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In a house that was near the Ganges River, there lived a wealthy family that was doing their chores. This family included a mother, father, and a boy. The boy in this family was named “Chaitanya” meaning “consciousness” in English. While Chaitanya was doing his daily chores that day, his mother came over and asked him if he was willing to do an extra chore for her. This chore was washing clothes in the Ganges River. Chaitanya told her that he was happy to do that for her. His mother gave him the clothes that she wanted him to wash and then went straight down to the Ganges River. He looked at the filthy water with a disgusted look on his face and then told himself that he was not going to wash his family’s clothes in this water. Pollution and specifically water pollution is a problem facing the entire world; however it is a serious problem facing India today. This includes most of India’s rivers. Unfortunately, India’s holiest river, which is the Ganges is involved in this situation. The Ganges River is located in the North Eastern part of India. This river is India’s holiest river because of the main pilgrimage site for Hindu’s to travel to and when they do they perform many rituals in it. This is one of many reasons of why India’s water pollution rates are very high. Three chief reasons of why India’s water pollution rates are very high are because of the poor education system, how the Indian Government is spending its money, and the condition of the infrastructure. The quality of the education system is one of the main reasons why the water pollution rates are very high in India. This is because it is not up to the standard as compared to many developed countries, such as the USA and Canada. Because this is the case, most of the citizens of India don’t know how to take care of the environment. This includes how to dispose their garbage, how to make proper sewage systems, and how to clean water so that it can be drinkable or usable to wash things with. One of the problems that is causing the education system of India to become weak is the percentage of children who are not in school. Currently only about 11% out of all of India’s people who are under the age of 25 go to tertiary institutions. This is low because the world average of this particular problem is 23% (Parthasarathy, http://theviewspaper.net). This affect’s the quality of water because if people do not attend school, then they will very little understanding about how to take care of the environment. Another one of the problems that is causing the education system of India to become weak is because of how high the literacy rates in the country are. This includes both men and women. This also includes people with disabilities. As of 2001, the percentage of the citizens in India that are literate is 65.38%.This includes both men and women. As The men’s percentage was 75.85%. The women’s percentage was 54.16%. This increased from 5% in 1901. The reason why it increased is because the education system has improved. (Government of India, http://www.ibe.unesco.org). This affects the quality of water because if people know how to read, then they would better understand how important it is to take care of the environment. A third problem that is causing the education system of India to become weak is how high the poverty rates are. This includes both rural and urban poverty. Currently, around 38% of the citizens of India are poor. This is about 380 million people (AZAD INDIA FOUNDATION, http://www.azadindia.org). Also, 75.6% of India’s population lives under $2.00 per day (Haub, Carl and O.P. Sharma, http://www.prb.org). This shows that poor people usually have very large families and they need a great deal of water for their everyday life. The Indian Government is very aware about this situation. Since they are aware of it, they are introducing new things to improve it. One of the things that they are introducing is a radio program that will inform the people...
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