Water in the Qur’an
H2O, two-part hydrogen and one part oxygen also known as water, is one of the most essential elements to all life on earth. The Qur’an, the word of God in Islam, maintains that the role of water in its many forms has dual functions to both human and non-human life alike. Allah, God of humanity according to the Qur’an, is believed to be the one who in his hands rests the final decision as to which of the two mercy or wrath is sent upon life on earth through the median water. Not only does water appear as a sustainer of life, a purifier and as a means of salvation but also in the same surah the same element is a means of restoring order, punishing the disobedient and even a way of causing death. This emphasis on duality of water in the Qur’an is not accidental and science also corroborates that it is in fact as vital as expressed in some verses and as a theme throughout the entire book. After a long day of activity and sweat, it is not hard to imagine how a cold glass of water can be considered a mercy from God. Although the Qur’an employs mercy in many places and in many different ways, this very brief analysis only seeks to establish a relationship between mercy and water, in some of its many forms, in surat Al Baqara and only later touching up on the wrath dimension which water can also be a median in. For starters in many parts of surat Al Baqara it is evident that water serves the purpose of not only being a main source of nutrition and sustenance for all life on earth throughout their life span but also existing as a major component in all organisms themselves. It is a source of substances for all life because in verses 2:22 and 2:164 the Qur’an explains how God, out of his mercy, gives life to animals and vegetation through rain fall or even water of the seas which also turn to running streams that supply many regions of the world water that otherwise would not have water due to their vicinity from the oceans or main water...
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