Water Diseases Introduction

Topics: Water supply, Water crisis, Drinking water Pages: 6 (2139 words) Published: March 6, 2013
Every 20 seconds, a child dies from a water-related disease. Every single day, women spend 200 million hours collecting water. Every week, 3 million students miss school because they lack access to clean water or sanitation, and every year, inadequate sanitation costs India $53.8 billion, or 6.4 percent of its GDP. Water consumption - sources and methods

The data on water consumption in the world is provided by the United Nations (UN, UNESCO, and FAO, see list of publications below). Worldwide, agriculture accounts for 70% of all water consumption, compared to 20% for industry and 10% for domestic use. In industrialized nations, however, industries consume more than half of the water available for human use. Belgium, for example, uses 80% of the water available for industry. Freshwater withdrawals have tripled over the last 50 years. Demand for freshwater is increasing by 64 billion cubic meters a year (1 cubic meter = 1,000 liters) * The world’s population is growing by roughly 80 million people each year. * Changes in lifestyles and eating habits in recent years are requiring more water consumption per capita. * The production of biofuels has also increased sharply in recent years, with significant impact on water demand. Between 1,000 and 4,000 litres of water are needed to produce a single litre of biofuel. * Energy demand is also accelerating, with corresponding implications for water demand. Almost 80% of diseases in so called "developing" countries are associated with water, causing some three million early deaths. For example, 5,000 children die every day from diarrhea, or one every 17 seconds. Every county or state has boundaries. These boundaries limit the jurisdiction of the state but it embraces those which are inside that jurisdiction. The Philippine Archipelago Doctrine defined the area of responsibility of Philippines during the Spanish regime. It was only during that time the country received a clear area of responsibility. Also, according to oceanographer Dr. Laura T. David of the UP Marine Science Institute, water resources in the Philippines are being stretched to the limit through overfishing, destructive fishing, coastal development, pollution, sedimentation, and climate change. “We support the 2012 ScFF as it contributes in making Filipinos aware and knowledgeable on the proper use and sustainable management of our water resources. The Philippines houses a big portion of the Coral Triangle, has rich water resources, and shall benefit greatly from an educated citizenry,” added DOST-SEI Director Dr. Filma Brawner

BUTUAN CITY (MindaNews/08 September) – River basins and drinking water sources in the mining town of Claver in Surigao del Norte and in Bataraza town in Palawan are contaminated with Hexavalent Chromium, according to a study released by Friends of the Earth (FoE) Japan this month. Hozue Hatae, campaigner for FoE Japan said in her email dated September 8 that the latest results were based on the research conducted in April and May this year which analyzed water quality in the communities surrounding the mining areas in Palawan and in Surigao del Norte. The group recommended suspending the use of the supply as drinking and for the companies and public agencies concerned to undertake immediate and appropriate countermeasures.  

Hexavalent chromium is known to be highly toxic and may cause cancer, liver damage and skin diseases. Carl Ceasar Rebuta, associate executive director of Legal Rights and Natural Resources Center, an affiliate of FoE, said the findings revealed the true state of the “murky water of the rivers in Taganito and Hayanggabon and siltation of Claver shoreline.” (Erwin Mascarinas/MindaNews) Water is essential to life everywhere because we would not be able to live without it. The body is mostly made up of water. If we did not have water we would not exist. Also, water makes nature beautiful, and it makes nature worth exploring. If we did not have water,...
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