# Water Conservation in the Home

Topics: Water, Water management, Water heating Pages: 7 (1910 words) Published: May 8, 2012
Environmental Science Lab
ENV 116 - Online – Fall 2011
Water Conservation in the Home (page 1- 8)
20 Points
This assignment is due November 6
It can be submitted for late credit through November 13
A photo of your project must be included with your
assignment to receive full credit for this exercise.

Introduction
Providing adequate water supplies for domestic use, industry, irrigation, fish and wildlife habitat and navigation is one of many key environmental issues facing the world today. Water is a renewable resource but supplies can be polluted by careless practices or depleted by wasteful practices. There is actually enough fresh water on Earth to meet all of our needs. The distribution of fresh water, however, varies tremendously on Earth. For example, freshwater resources are abundant in Canada and scarce in the Middle East. The rate of water consumption is a major concern with this valuable resource. The United States has the highest rate of per capita water consumption in the world. According to the United Nations, per capita use in the United States is 151 gallons per day. This figure includes domestic, municipal, industrial and agricultural uses of water. The per capita use in France is 76 gallons per day and in Bangladesh, 12 gallons per day. The objective of this exercise to examine household water use patterns. Practices that waste water and strategies to conserve water will be emphasized.

Flow Rates in Household Water Fixtures

Part I – Flow Rates
Use one-gallon containers to measure water that you collect from your kitchen faucet and showerhead. The gallon milk carton works great for this exercise. 1. Run your kitchen faucet wide open for 30 seconds into your water collection container. How much water did you collect in your container? Did you collect 0.25 gallons, 0.5 gallons, 0.75 gallons or more? An estimate of the water you collected is fine for this exercise. Multiply the amount of water collected in 30 seconds by two in order to determine the water delivery rate in gallons per minute (gpm). [pic]

2. Run your showerhead wide open for 30 seconds into a pail. Carefully transfer this water into gallon containers in order to measure how much water was released in 30 seconds....