Water as a Natural Resource

Topics: Water, Hydrology, Groundwater Pages: 11 (2533 words) Published: February 25, 2013
Water is an essential ingredient for life and may be the most precious resource the earth has to offer humanity. Many believe, however, that this valuable commodity is in danger as a result of man-made pollution. Through disrespect, shortsightedness and neglect, the species may be compromising its own survival unless there is significant improvement in water quality and management. The purpose of this paper will be to discuss water and its pollution through the various contaminants found in domestic, agricultural and industrial uses. In addition, a review of the legal issues and current methods of water treatment and purification will be included. All the fresh water in the world's lakes, creeks, streams and rivers equals less than .01 percent of the earth's total water supply (4:80). The system is continually replenished by rainfall and water vapor from the atmosphere in the form of rain or snow. Today, however, much of this water supply is contaminated on the way down to the ground by gases and particles that mankind introduces into the air (4:80). Further, fresh water is constantly moving towards the ocean and in so doing picks up other particles and dissolved matter--organic and inorganic waste. Where the population density is low, the waste can be degraded by microbes through a process known as self-purification. However, where its density is high, large quantities of waste accumulate in bodies of water, including the ocean, and harming aquatic life. The wat

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Water – Our Most Valuable Natural Resource
Water covers about 70 percent of the earth, but only about three percent of it is fresh water. Most of the fresh water, about 75 percent, is in the form of ice. In fact, the frozen areas of the world have as much fresh water as all of the world’s rivers will carry for the next 1,000 years. It might seem as though our supply of unpolluted fresh water was never ending, but that’s simply not the case. The earth’s population increases each day and the demand for unpolluted fresh water increases right along with it. The following U.S. Government statistics on the average American’s daily “water use” per person statistics are scary by themselves, but add in the rest of the world’s population and it’s totally overwhelming. Average American’s Water Use Per-Person on a Daily or Per Incident Basis: •Each person uses about seventy (70) gallons of water per day •It takes three (3) gallons of water to flush a toilet

It takes between fifteen & thirty (15-30) gallons of water to take a bath •It takes five (5) gallons of water for a one-minute shower •It takes ten (10) gallons of water to wash dishes
Even more enlightening is the fact that more than half the water used in the United States is used by industries and not individuals. It takes two hundred fifty (250) tons of...
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