A Research Paper
Clairvair O. Squires
October 2006 =============================================================== The author is a member of staff of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB). However, the views expressed are his own and not those of the CDB.
“Public Participation in Solid Waste Management in Small Island Developing States” ”
Clairvair Omar Squires (firstname.lastname@example.org)
This paper is prepared based on discussions with solid waste managers and other stakeholders in the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS), actual participatory observation by the author, analysis of primary and secondary data and information collected from solid waste management (SWM) operations in the OECS countries, Barbados, Belize and from other developing countries. Some examples are also drawn from two sub-regions (Mashreq and Maghreb Countries) in the Mediterranean region. The paper presents information on public consultation approaches and particularly on the best practices for successful public participation and consultation on SWM projects (SWMPs) in the Caribbean countries. Based on the special nature of SWM, the paper, in conclusion, sets out some guidelines on how to engage the public throughout the SWM project cycle. It posits that the Caribbean should mainstream public participation and also agree on ways to measure and monitor participation. In keeping with their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the Countries should agree on Guidelines for Social Impact Assessments. These should allow them to identify risks to be mitigated and to adjust SWMPs designs to provide opportunities for the local population including the poor to participate in efficient and effective SWM. Special thanks to Janice Cumberbatch for her assistance.and comments
Key words: public participation; solid waste management; project cycle; town meetings. ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Abstract Glossary of Terms List of Tables, Boxes and Figures Acronyms and Abbreviations 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND The Research Problem, Approach and Objective Rationale for Public Participation Public Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management Research Methods The Report SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE CARIBBEAN AND THE MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES Solid Waste Management in the Caribbean Special Area Designation Solid Waste Management in the OECS Project Implementation Lessons of Experience Mediterranean Environmental Technical Assistance Programme – Regional Solid Waste Management Project (RSWMP) PUBLIC PARTICIPATION DEFINITIONS AND SEARCH OF LITERATURE 3.0.1 The Exclusionary Model 3.0.2 The Confrontational Model 3.0.3 The Adversarial Model 3.0.4 The Due Consideration Model 3.0.5 The Mediation Model 3.0.6 The Advisory Committee Model General Assessment Measuring Success in Public Participation Some Best Practices for Successful Public Involvement Social Assessment Tool Kit Rationale for Public Participation The Private Sector Incentives The Project Cycle 3.8.1 Original Concept iii i v vii viii 1 1 1 3 3 4
5 5 5 6 8 9 10
3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7. 3.8
13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 17 18 18 19 20 20 20
3.8.2 The Bradford University’s Project Spiral 3.8.3 Search for Development Effectiveness The New Project Cycle 3.9.1 Discussion on the New Project Cycle The Solid Waste Management Project Cycle Solid Waste Solid Waste Management Generic Solid Waste Management Project Cycle 4.3.1 Project Identification 4.3.2 Project Preparation 4.3.3 Pre-feasibility Studies 4.3.4 Feasibility Study 4.3.5 Review of Feasibility 4.3.6 Pre-Investment Stage 4.3.7 Project Implementation 4.3.8 The Operating Phase CARIBBEAN LESSONS OF PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN SWM Public Participation Examples 5.1.1 Selection of New Disposal Sites 5.1.2. The Town Meetings The Barbados Town (Hall)...