Was the Red Scare Credible?

Topics: Joseph McCarthy, World War II, McCarthyism Pages: 8 (3300 words) Published: November 13, 2010
Was The Red Scare Credible?
The ability to be a credible person can go a long way in a time of panic, which was the case with Senator Joseph McCarthy during the Red Scare in the 1950s. During that time Senator McCarthy made some accusations of people being communist that were for the most part believed during the early 1950s. It is arguable that people believed him not because he had proof, but because he was a senator and worked for government.

When looked at, this reason seams very reasonable since most Americans or even the average American did not understand what was occurring during that time or were uninformed. Thus, it would be very easy to take advantage of the people living in America, with false accusations and propaganda and get support from them. Also, it helps that McCarthy was a senator during that time because it is easier to believe a politician who says he has proof to back up his accusations as opposed to someone that is not known to the public that is accusing people of being communist. The Red Scare was very prominent in the 1920s and as well as in the 1950s in America. Also, it was an unfair occurrence in the sense that no one ever had a fair chance to get their fair say in if they were accused of being an anarchist in the 1920s or communist in the 1950s. The accused were immediately seen as a threat and as a result faced many problems, such as losing their jobs and losing credibility. The most crucial problem was that some were killed for speculation and not facts, which was the case for some people. Thus, with the issue of the accused not having a say and McCarthy having credibility as a result of being a senator the question of “to what extent where McCarthy’s accusation of people being communist during the Red Scare credible?” arises. Although McCarthy did have evidence to support his accusations of communism in America, the evidence was not entirely credible, as some evidence was inaccurate. Therefore, Senator McCarthy’s accusations during the Red Scare were not credible as his evidence was inaccurate and manipulated to seem like there were more communists in America, than there were actually. As a result his accusations were believed when they were not credible at all. The Red Scare by definition is the sudden mass fear or anxiety over anticipated events. In America there have been two Red Scares that occurred, one in the 1920s and the other in 1950s. Both Red Scares in America arose out of fear of communism and foreign policy that could have impacted America greatly, especially since both Red Scares occurred after World War One and World War Two. After World War Two the United States developed a policy of containment to try and stop the spread of Communism. After the Second World War the United States entered the Cold War against the Soviet Union. The first Red Scare occurred after the end of the First World War and during the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. The reason Americans started to grow fear in communists and anarchists was due to a series of bombings by anarchists. Because of the Red Scare in the 1920s many people that were innocent were arrested because they expressed their views. As well, civil liberties were ignored and this lead to a fear that a revolution in the United States, like the Bolshevik Revolution would occur. The people who were suspected, or thought to be a communist or an anarchist, during the first Red Scare were those who did not seem as patriotic as everyone else or were not as patriotic as they could have been. The government responded to this Red Scare in the form of the General Intelligence Division of Bureau of Investigation, which was created to uncover Bolshevik conspiracies and to find and incarcerate or deport conspirators. As a result many people were arrested and deported because they were thought to be radicals and leftists. Civil liberties were not taken into consideration and warrants were not used to arrest people either. Efforts were made to say...
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