Was the League of Nations a paper tiger?
The League of Nations was an international organization, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, created after the First World War to provide a forum for resolving international disputes and promoting the idea of collective security. It was first proposed by President Woodrow Wilson as part of his Fourteen Points plan for an equitable peace in Europe.
In 1920s, the League had ever settled a number of disputes between small nations. It settled a dispute between Sweden and Finland over some nearby islands. It also settled the boundary problems between Poland and Germany, and between Yugoslavia and Albania. It also stopped Greece from attacking Bulgaria. By imposing economic sanctions, the League successfully settled these international disputes.
Moreover, the special commissions and agencies of the League did help solve a number of social and Economics of the world. For example, the League helped the refugees from the First World War rebuild their home, and provided assistance in issues such as protection of ethnic Minorities, drugs, and education.
Superficially, the League had done a lot for encouraging international cooperation and improving people's lives. However, it was unable to stop and check the aggressive actions of powerful countries in the inter-war period. Its failure had encouraged the outbreak of the
Second World War.
The League failed to stop the spread of Fascism and Nazism. When facing the aggression of great powers, the League could do nothing as lack of armed force. For example, the League failed to stop the invasion of Italy in Abyssinia and the invasion of Japan in China. Furthermore, the League had no achievement in reducing armaments in the World Disarmament Conference.
So, it can be said the League was a paper tiger with only symbolic and superficial power and ineffectual to withstand challenge in achieving its aims.
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