Was the Battle of the Somme a Success or Failure?

Topics: Trench warfare, Western Front, Battle of the Somme Pages: 2 (563 words) Published: January 15, 2013
Battle of the Somme Notes
·650,000 Germans killed by the end of the Battle of the Somme, 200,000 more than the British·After first day, learnt a lot of lessons·Tanks were first introduced (16th September)·The British used many news tactics, including bombaring the army trench, causing it to collapse and tunnel underground and attack the enemy by surprise·They used barbed wire as well·Started placing commanders on first line, so that they could give out commands quickly·French were more successful; had more weapons and faced weaker defences·Managed to survive it's purpose·Pozieres was captured on the 4th of August,due to the help of the Australians. After two weeks of exhausting fighting and a 12-and-a-half-hour grenade battle, the Germans lost and went on to defend another area. ·Managed to attack the German second position on 14th July by attacking at dawn. This caught the Germans by surprise and this caused the British to gain ground·On the 15th September, the British managed to take over Highwood after all their attempts, however, they had suffered 332 casualties·60,000 British men killed or injured on first day·Many British bombshells failed to explode, leaving some German defence untouched·Shells had churned up the ground, causing it to become more difficult to advance·German defences and trenches were better and more constructed than British defences.·Tanks broke down and became useless·In 3 months, only gained 5 miles of land·The main purpose of the war was to relieve pressure at Verdun, however, there were more casulaties in the Somme than there were in Verdun·The Somme was a very hilly place, making it difficult to fight·The British themselves only gained 2 miles on land·450,000 British lives lost by the end·Week long bombardment gave the Germans plenty of time to prepare·60% of all officers involved on first day were killed·General Sir Douglas Haig's tactics failed·Many of the British soldiers died...
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