English is a difficult subject for those who learn English as a second language, because there are many grammatical rules in English which may leads to confusion. But today it is difficult to live without learning English, as it plays a vital role in everyone’s life and now it is impossible to get a good job without knowing English English is the worldwide language so most of the students learn English as a second language; therefore, it cannot only challenge the mind but also enrich the soul of learners. Furthermore, according to studies, it has been shown that learning a second language results in achieving greater divergent thinking, creativity and cognitive development compared to monolingual children. Most of the students do mistakes while writing in English because of different grammatical rules like tenses, punctuation marks, Pronunciations vocabulary, parts of speech…etc. but it can be solved if the teacher makes it simpler and use an effective teaching strategy by involving all the students in the activities and planning the lessons according to the capacity of the students. This assignment is about the grammatical errors that students do while writing in English. In addition, identifying the linguistic system that learner is having problems with and explaining why learners find these areas difficult. It is focused on the problems while writers using punctuations and a class room task to solve the problems that the writer is having. Information about the context
The text was written by an eleven year old girl. She is studying in grade 5 in Kalaafaanu School. She wrote about “How I spent my last holiday”. The text was taken from a student’s note book. Compare to other students of this age the text contains less mistakes and good knowledge of grammar. Detailed analysis of the writing
I. The sentences containing tense mistakes.
1) I did went some places.
2) I can go to the children’s multimedia library.
In the first sentence “I did went” is not grammatically correct instead “I did go” places will be more accurate. In the second sentence instead of “I can”, there must be I could as it happened already. II.
“So I asked my brother to drop me there. After I came home it was 2’o’clock. In these two sentences there is no relation and it had happened after sometimes so, it is better to start the second sentence in a new paragraph. III. The sentences containing punctuation mistakes.
1) She said yes.
2) I came home it was 2’o’clock.
30 Again my mother asked to get ready to go to the beach and the children’s park, so I got ready. 4) I was tired, it was eight pm.
5) I didn’t care, changed my clothes and went to bed.
In the first sentence “yes” must be inside a quotation mark as it is a direct quotation and after “she said” there must be a comma to separate the quotation from the words that tell who is speaking. In the second sentence after “2” there will not be an apostrophe and third sentence after the “park” there must be a full stop as the sentence is completed. In the fourth sentence after the word ‘tired,’ it would be more appropriate to write a conjunction like and to join two sentences. In the fifth sentence instead of a comma, it’s better to use a semi colon as it is two independent clauses not connected by a coordinating conjunction. Discussion about why learners can have problems with particular linguistic system. Students do these types of mistakes, because of lack understanding and an ineffective teaching strategy. In order to solve these problem teachers can use an effective teaching strategy by motivating the students. Moreover, the teacher must make the class as a low-anxiety environment. It means keep the students relaxed, so they are willing to take risks with language. Explanation of class room task
Most of the students find...
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