War of 1812

Topics: War of 1812, United States, The Star-Spangled Banner Pages: 5 (1450 words) Published: April 23, 2013
Tori Henon
History 2010
Term Paper

War of 1812
The War of 1812, also known as “Mr. Madison’s War,” lasted for over two years. On June 18, 1812, President James Madison sent a message to the United States Congress to declare war on the British Empire. There were multiple reasons as to why Madison felt it necessary to declare war. During Madison’s presidential election, he argued for war against Britain. “The War of 1812 was thus the first war "sold" to the American public via popular appeal. On June 1, 1812 he gave a speech to the U.S. Congress, giving several reasons for war; Britain's refusal to repeal its Order-In-Council forbidding neutral countries to trade with European countries, an insulting breach of American sovereignty; Britain's navy "violating the rights and the peace of our coasts"; Britain's blockade of U.S. ports ("our commerce has been plundered in every sea"); Ongoing impressments of American sailors into service on British Navy ships, and the British Navy's enforcement of this order; Britain's incitement of Native Americans (conventionally referred to as "savages") to violence against the Americans” (Warof1812-History.com). The United States had never declared war on another nation until then. The formal declaration of war was made on June 18 after the Senate voted in favor of Madison, 19 to 13. More major battles that were fought during the War of 1812 such as: Battle of Tori Henon

History 2010
Term Paper

Queenston, Battle of Raisin River, Battle of Lake Erie, Battle of Thames, Battle of Baltimore, and the Battle of New Orleans. The Battle of Queenston was fought at Queenston Heights, near Niagara Falls on October 13, 1812. The Americans were defeated because, “The American officers were unable to convince militia troops to cross over to Canada and bring sufficient reinforcements to carry the day” (historycentral.com). The Battle of Raisin River took place on January 21, 1813. “The American force, commanded by General Winchester, surrenders to British Colonel Henry A Proctor and loses 100 dead and 500 captured” (historycentral.com). The Battle of Lake Erie was fought on September 10, 1813, and that is when Lake Erie became an American lake. “Commodore Perry defeats the British fleet at the Battle of Lake Erie. The Battle, which was fought hard from both sides, ends up with a total defeat for the British. Perry sends his famous message to his commander: "WE HAVE MET THE ENEMY AND THEY ARE OURS”” (historycentral.com). Next, the Battle of Thames was fought on October 5, 1813. “American forces crossed into Canada across Lake Erie after the American victory on the lake. British forces, under General Proctor, are forced to withdraw, with American forces followed closely. The American forces caught up with the British and Indians, and decisively defeat them” (historycentral.com). The Battle of Baltimore took place on September 12, 1814. Absolute Astronomy states, “The Battle of Baltimore was one of the turning points in the War of 1812, Tori Henon

History 2010
Term Paper
War of 1812The War of 1812 was a war fought between the United States of America and the British Empireparticularly Great Britain and the provinces of British North America, the antecedent of Canada in which American United StatThe United States of America is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district. The country is situated mostly in central North America, where its forty-eight contiguous states and Washington, D  forces warded off a British United Kingdom of Great Britain and IrelanThe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was the formal name of the United Kingdom from 1 January 1801 until 12 April 1927...  sea invasion of the busy port city of Baltimore BaltimoreBaltimore , is an independent city and the largest city and cultural center of the U.S. state of Maryland. The city is located in central Maryland along the tidal portion of the Patapsco River, an arm of the...
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