War and Poverty

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IDS WORKING PAPER
Volume 2012 No 391

War and Poverty

Patricia Justino April 2012

Conflict, Violence and Development Research Cluster

The Conflict, Violence and Development research cluster is part of the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team at the Institute of Development Studies. The cluster’s main focus is to develop new insights into how people in contexts of conflict and violence live and interact, and what institutions best support them. We use our research findings to inform, identify and develop policies and practices that will strengthen people’s efforts to secure their own lives and livelihoods. Email: conflict@ids.ac.uk Web: www.ids.ac.uk/go/research-teams/vulnerability-and-poverty-reduction-team/researchthemes/conflict CVD WP009

The Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction (VPR) Team aims to construct dynamic and multidimensional perspectives on vulnerability and poverty in order to transform thinking, policy and practice. The VPR team produces working papers on social protection; conflict, violence and development; and poverty and inequality. Follow this link to view a full list of publications: www.ids.ac.uk/go/research-teams/vulnerability-and-poverty-reduction-team

War and Poverty Patricia Justino IDS Working Paper 391 First published by MICROCON as Research Working Paper 32, 2010 Second edition reprinted as HiCN Working Paper 81, 2010 Third edition reprinted as IDS Working Paper 391 April 2012 © Institute of Development Studies 2012 ISSN: 1353-6141 ISBN: 978-1-78118-052-5 A catalogue record for this publication is available from the British Library. All rights reserved. Reproduction, copy, transmission, or translation of any part of this publication may be made only under the following conditions: • with the prior permission of the publisher; or • with a licence from the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd., 90 Tottenham Court Road, London W1P 9HE, UK, or from another national licensing agency; or • under the terms set out below. This publication is copyright, but may be reproduced by any method without fee for teaching or nonprofit purposes, but not for resale. Formal permission is required for all such uses, but normally will be granted immediately. For copying in any other circumstances, or for reuse in other publications, or for translation or adaptation, prior written permission must be obtained from the publisher and a fee may be payable. Available from: Communications Unit, Institute of Development Studies, Brighton BN1 9RE, UK Tel: +44 (0) 1273 915637 Fax: +44 (0) 1273 621202 E-mail: bookshop@ids.ac.uk Web: www.ids.ac.uk/ids/bookshop IDS is a charitable company limited by guarantee and registered in England (No. 877338)

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War and Poverty Patricia Justino

Summary
The main objective of this paper is to systematically identify potential channels of transmission linking civil war and poverty that may lead to the persistence of cycles of poverty and war. A particular focus of the paper is the notion of individual (and group) agency during civil wars, as well as agency constraints faced by populations affected by violence. Although the outbreak and impact of war is known to depend on several financial and political factors, the onset, duration and magnitude of the impact of civil wars are also closely related to what happens to people during violent conflicts and to what people do in areas of violence to secure livelihoods, economic survival, physical security and their social networks. The nature and extent of these choices depends in turn on how individuals and households relate to changes in social norms and forms of institutional organisation during civil wars. The paper explores the economic channels through which war may simultaneously affect and be affected by the economic status and responses of individuals and their immediate relations in areas of violent conflict to cope with and adapt to changes to livelihoods and economic status during civil wars. This analysis focuses...
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