Wal-Mart Financial Analysis

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Income Statement
Examination
Cost of Goods Sold:
Over the period of 2002-2005, Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) as a percentage of sales decreased from 78% to 76%. The constant COGS explains that Wal-Mart has settled with the over 4 million deliveries to each store they make each year. With such a constant rate over a 4 year period, Wal-Mart has not found any new technique that has lessened the cost of transporting their goods from assembly line to shelf. Gross Profit:

Gross profit is the difference between sales and cost of goods sold. Over the period of 2002-2005, gross profit has increased from 21% of sales to 23% of sales. Because both net sales and COGS have risen proportionally, gross profit has not fluctuated. Operating Expenses:

Wal-Mart includes Depreciation and Amortization in its Operating Expenses for purposes of reporting on the Income Statement. Operating expenses have grown from 16% to 17% of sales from 2002-2005. Because of the mass revenue that Wal-Mart generates, operating expenses will be a small percentage of sales. Although Wal-Mart has numerous expenses, their revenue will always dwarf their expenditures. One of the main reasons for Wal-Mart continued success in the retail industry can be summed up in the fact that their expenses are only 17% of sales. That generates a high expense turnover. Depreciation and Amortization:

Over the last 4 years, depreciation and amortization has increased 9.25% each year. Depreciation and amortization for financial statement purposes are provided on the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the various assets. The useful lives of equipment at Wal-Mart are 5-50 years. This growth of depreciation expenses shows how much Wal-Mart is growing. Every year, Wal-Mart adds new stores, including 296 in 2006. This number will add to the over 2,500 discount stores and 2,000 supercenters. Interest Expense:

Another great characteristic of Wal-Mart is their interest expense. In 2002, Wal-Mart had an...
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