“I Think I Can Remember What This Is.”
Pharmacology MEAS 218-10F
March 17, 2011
Barbara Roberts MSEd, CMA/AAMA
I chose this topic because it relates to my son. He was recently diagnosed with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder). It is a commonly used drug for this disorder and it is also used to treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) as well. I will explain first of what “vyvanse” is and then I will discuss the facts about the drug, such as: side effects, how to take it, overdose and much more.
Vyvanse: “I Think I Can Remember What This Is.”
There are many drugs in this world today that are used for many purposes. Some are used for cures and some are used for common everyday use like colds and allergies. In this case the drug “Vyvanse” is used for a different purpose, it is used as a stimulant to trigger the synapse of memory and recall. Basically it is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Vyvanse, formally known as NRP104 (Iannelli, 2008), is a central nervous system stimulant. It affects chemicals in the brain and nerves that contribute to hyperactivity and impulse control. (Drug Information Online Drugs.com, 2011) Vyvanse is a once-a-day treatment for adults and children who are six to 12 years old with ADHD. It is used as a part of a total treatment program that may include psychological, educational, and social therapy. It is FDA approved and became available in July 2007. Vyvanse may also be used for other purposes as well. Its main ingredient is lisdexamfetamine dimesylate. It is a prodrug or 'conditionally bioreversible derivative' of dextroamphetamine, one of the main ingredients in Adderall, Adderall XR, and Dexedrine Spansules. Vyvanse is commonly misspelled as Vyvance. Unlike other stimulants Vyvanse, has to go through the stomach and be digested before it can become active. That means it's much less likely that Vyvanse will be abused, since it can't be snorted, etc., like other ADHD medicines. Another potential benefit of Vyvanse is that it lasts a full 12 hours, whereas other long-acting ADHD medicines tend to last 10 to 12 hours. Vyvanse is available in six dosage strengths: 20mg 30mg, 40mg, 50mg, 60mg, and 70mg. Although most children will start Vyvanse at the 30mg dosage, a higher starting dose may be more appropriate if a child is switching to Vyvanse from another ADHD stimulant (Iannelli, 2008). As with any drug they all come with side effects. Some of the common less serious side effects of “Vyvanse” are similar to that of ADHD stimulants and most commonly include abdominal pain, vomiting, weight loss, decreased appetite, headaches, insomnia, and irritability, mild skin rash; or dry mouth or an unpleasant taste in the mouth. Interestingly, side effects -- especially appetite suppression -- seem to quickly decrease over time. But on the other hand some drugs have more serious side effects to watch for. If serious side effects occur this is what needs to be done. Get emergency medical help if there are any of these signs of an allergic reaction to Vyvanse such as: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat. Stop using this medication and call the doctor at once if any of the following serious side effect such as: fast, pounding, or uneven heartbeats; decreased blood pressure (feeling light-headed, fainting); tremor, restlessness, hallucinations, unusual behavior, or motor tics (muscle twitches); or dangerously high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision, buzzing in your ears, anxiety, confusion, chest pain, shortness of breath, seizure) occur. This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur (Drug Information Online Drugs.com, 2011). Remember that the doctor has prescribed this medicine because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects. Call the doctor for...