The vulnerable population chosen for this paper is Haitian immigrants. Topics of discussion will include description of the population, significant problems related to their vulnerability, related health and social problems, an evaluation of adequant of current strategies to break the cycle of vulnerability, ethical implications of current strategies, and proposed community and public health nursing interventions in roles of manager, advocate, teacher, caregiver and researcher.
Description of the Selected Population
Significance of Problems Related to its Vulnerability, Local and National Statistics (if relevant)
Related Health and Social Problems
For centuries people have migrated to the United States (U.S.) seeking a better way of life and for its promised freedom. America is considered a melting pot due to its overwhelming abundance of immigrants and their cultures and beliefs. Although the influx of immigrants to the U.S. may cause some challenges and controversies, it keeps the U.S. industrious and innovative. “In 2006, the number of immigrants in the U.S. hit a total of 37.5million” (Ohlemacher, 1996-2008). As of today, there are 419,317 foreign born Haitians living in the U.S. A majority of the Haitian immigrants migrate to the U.S. leave behind deplorable living and health conditions and political crisis in their native home. Haitians face unique hurdles in claiming asylum in the U.S. The states with the largest population of foreign born Haitians are New York and Florida. As the influx of immigrants grow yearly, so does the infectious disease rates in the U.S.
Haiti is located in the West Indies and shares its land with the Dominican Republic. Haiti lies 700 miles away from Miami, Fl. Haiti is one of the most densely populated countries in the world with about 600 persons per square mile. The main languages spoken by Haitians are Creole and French. A large majority of Haitians fled to the U.S. due to the poverty, decades of turbulent political issues and an abundance of other issues that plague Haiti. Haiti is the poorest country in the world with a per capita income of approximately $530, less than 2 U.S. dollars a day. As of the year 2007, Haiti’s population stood at 9,000,000. In this section of the paper these issues will be discussed to provide a better insight of why Haitians migrate to the U.S. Poverty seems the biggest social problem in Haiti that follows many of the immigrants that migrate to the South Florida. The unemployment rates among the Haitian population is approximately 70%. Many more other concerns and issues plague the island of Haiti such as HIV/AIDS, inadequate sanitation, contaminated water, malnutrition, tuberculosis, illiteracy, and infant and maternal mortality. Less than half of the population is literate accounting for 47% of the population. Life expectancy on the island is about 54 years of age. Infant and maternal mortality rate in Haiti is the highest in the world. Only 25% of the children get fully vaccinated and malnutrition is one of the most critical problems for the poor and underprivileged. Tuberculosis and typhoid fever are two severe illnesses that are common among Haitians. Haiti is plagued by inadequate sanitation and contaminated water which leads to the spread of diseases. It is estimated that 20% to 50% of the Haitians living in the U.S. are illegal aliens. Most of the illegal aliens who live in South Florida travel to the U.S. on small homemade boats. They risk drowning, interdiction and their life to get to the U.S. “Census data from the year 2000 indicated a 117% increase of the Haitian population in the state of Florida, with the highest percent growth in Broward county and Palm Beach” (Migration Information Source, 2008). In the year 2000, there were 182,224 foreign born Haitians in the state of Florida alone. “There were over 190,000 people living with HIV/AIDS in Haiti in 2005” (HIV Insight, 2008)....