VTCT Level 2
Award in Preventing Contact Dermatitis
Page 2-3 Assignment brief
Page 4 Task A; A-B
Page 5 Task A; C-D
Page 6 Task A; E
Page 7 Task B; A-B
Page 8 Task B; B-C
Page 9 Bibliography
VTCT Level 2 Award in Preventing Contact Dermatitis
a) Define contact dermatitis
Contact Dermatitis is a non contagious form of eczema. It is mainly found on hands in the field of hair and beauty, but can effect anywhere on the body, it is commonly seen in occupational settings. Contact dermatitis refers to a range of reactions that result from skin contact with a foreign substance. It may appear as an itchy, red, swollen, or blistery rash after contact with an allergen or irritant. Dermatitis is an inflammatory condition of the skin. It can vary in severity. Dermatitis is not infectious, so it cannot be passed from one person to another.
b) Identify the early and developing signs and symptoms of contact dermatitis.
The main signs and symptoms are:
* Dryness -
* Redness -
* Itching -
* Flaking/Scaling - Possible Signs
* Cracking/Blistering- Possible Signs
* Swelling- Severe Symptom
* Pain- Severe Symptom
* Discoloration- Severe Symptom
* Wounds - Severe Symptom
* Severe cases nails can be affected.
c) State the causes of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis.
There are two types of contact dermatitis: irritant contact dermatitis & allergic contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis can flare up after a few contacts with strong chemicals like bleach. More commonly it develops gradually through frequent wet working or working with milder chemicals like dyes, permanent wave solutions, shampoos, wet work. Allergic contact dermatitis can develop quickly after only a few contacts with a substance. Sometimes it can take months or even years for the allergy to develop. Once you are allergic, you are allergic for life and this could happen at any time, even if you have had no problems previously in your career. With allergic contact dermatitis, the things you can become allergic to at work may contain a variety of sensitising chemicals. Examples include: para-phenylenediamine, resorcinol and other phenol based products. Another common sensitizer is latex rubber protein found in latex gloves. So if you become allergic to something in the salon it could well affect all aspects of your life.
d) Describe what is meant by wet work, also list the tasks associated with wet working
Wet work is work or tasks where hands are in contact with water or a form of liquid. ‘Wet work’ means work that involves hands being wet for significant periods during the working day; as a guide - more than two hours a day or about twenty to forty hand washes a day. ‘Wet work’ is of particular concern when in combination with exposure to soaps, detergents or solvents, as the skin is eventually stripped of its natural protection.
* Immersing hands in chemicals and water (e.g. rinsing, frequent washing of hands or shampooing and conditioning hair ) * Cleaning and direct contact with chemicals.(e.g. removal of colour , neutralising with bare hands)
e) State how the skin is exposed to substances
If PPE for example gloves are not worn, then skin can be exposed to direct contact to chemicals. If the skin is repeatedly exposed to water over long periods of time without drying properly and not using moisturiser this can cause the skins natural barrier to weaken.
Explain how to prevent contact dermatitis
a) Outline the relevant health and safety legislation
Within the health and safety at work act there are several legislations that need to be followed The Legislations are;
Health and safety at work act 1974 section 2
Disease Reduction Programme (DRP)
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999...
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