Voluntary Euthanasia

Topics: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics Pages: 16 (5628 words) Published: March 16, 2013
Title:Euthanasia in Philippines, deal or no deal?

As a Filipino citizen, we have great trait towards family which we called “close family ties”. This means that we have strong connection and great affection on our family members whether to our parents, grandparents, siblings or any other relatives. We value our relationship with our relatives so much that we can’t go on with our live easily without them. But what if the time comes when we we’re about to decide whether to let go or not on our family member who is suffering too much because of illness? Are we going to let go to finish his or her sufferings? Or are we going to pretend that we cannot see how much he or she is suffering just to live together with him much longer? In that case, euthanasia issue opens.

Euthanasia from the Greek word “eu-” meaning well or good and “-Thanatos” meaning death. Euthanasia is a broad term for mercy killing—taking the life of a hopelessly ill or injured individual in order to end his or her suffering. Mercy killing represents a serious ethical dilemma. People do not always die well. Some afflictions cause people to suffer through extreme physical pain in their last days, and euthanasia may seem like a compassionate way of ending this pain. Other patients may request euthanasia to avoid the weakness and loss of mental faculties that some diseases cause, and many feel these wishes should be respected.

But euthanasia also seems to contradict one of the most basic principles of morality, which is that killing is wrong. Viewed from a traditional Judeo-Christian point of view, euthanasia is murder and a blatant violation of the biblical commandment “Thou shall not kill.” From a secular perspective, one of the principal purposes of law is to uphold the sanctity of human life. Euthanasia is so controversial because it pits the plight of suffering, dying individuals against religious beliefs, legal tradition, and, in the case of physician-assisted death, medical ethics.

This moral dilemma is not new. The term “euthanasia” is derived from ancient Greek, and means “good death.” But while the debate over mercy killing has ancient origins, many observers believe that it is harder today to achieve a good death than ever before. Advances in medicine have increased people’s health and life span, but they have also greatly affected the dying process. For example, in the early twentieth century the majority of Americans died at home, usually victims of pneumonia or influenza. Today most people die in the hospital, often from degenerative diseases like cancer that may cause a painful, lingering death.

As a college student and as a one of the major decision makers inside the family bond, we have to be aware of this kind of approach. Are you going to agree with legalizing euthanasia here in Philippines or are you going to fight against this? This research will help other people gain knowledge about euthanasia issue and become aware of what euthanasia is going to bring and cause to our fellowmen when be legalized. This research will explain the core of euthanasia and this can also give some of chosen Filipinos to give their sides and opinions towards the issue, must it be legalized or not to be legalized? Background of the Study:

Dutch Penal Code Articles 293 and 294 make both euthanasia and assisted suicide illegal, even today. However, as the result of various court cases, doctors who directly kill patients or help patients kill themselves will not be prosecuted as long as they follow certain guidelines. In addition to the current requirements that physicians report every euthanasia/assisted-suicide death to the local prosecutor and that the patient’s death request must be enduring (carefully considered and requested on more than one occasion), the Rotterdam court in 1981 established the following guidelines:

1. The patient must be experiencing unbearable pain.
2. The patient must be conscious.
3. The death...
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