There are many sports that people like to indulge in either for fun or as a profession. It is widely known that practicing a sport is a great benefit to the person physically and psychologically. Nowadays, people need at least some form of exercise in order to keep in shape, to pass time or even “to feel alive”. The last reason is why, for the most part, it is more attractive why engaging in a sport affects a person’s attitude, both mentally and emotionally. However, the type of sport sometimes does not matter as much as whether it is played individually or with a team. There are various individual sports but the most effective activities are those that involve other players. They are effective because each player has to depend on each of the other members in order to be successful. In spite of this, putting together a victorious and coherent team is not easy. As Shondell and Reynaud (2002) put it, “Developing a successful team is like constructing a building. It is a project with many different components, and it all begins with drawing the blue-prints” (p. 44). For that reason, team building is a very essential aspect in most ball-based sports such as football, basketball, volleyball, baseball, etc, as they require the immense efforts of a team.
One sport, in specific, which is somehow rare yet very exciting, is volleyball. According to the common dictionary, volleyball is defined as, “A game for two teams in which the object is to keep a large ball in motion, from side to side over a high net, by striking it with the hands before it touches the ground”. The truth is, unlike football or basketball, volleyball has much more extensive rules than that plain definition but as a person watches twelve players competing to keep the ball off their grounds, one realizes how simple and easy it is to understand and enjoy. “From a physiological standpoint, volleyball traditionally has been described as a high power, predominantly anaerobic sport. Due to the rules of the game and the structure of matches, volleyball athletes experience repetitive bouts of intense exercise,” (Reeser, 2008, p. 11). In order to understand this inciting sport, it is essential to know the foundation and basic rules; the fundamental and technical skills; and the various tactics and the movement patterns designed to play an effective volleyball game. The major rules of the game are for a team to initiate a rally by striking the ball into the receiving team's court. The receiving team must not let the ball touch their ground within their court. They can only strike back three times. Usually, the three attempts count up to an attempt to attack or “make a kill” and thus prevent the ball from landing in their court. The rally goes on until a team succeeds in attacking or making a kill to gain a point and begin a new rally. To have a better understanding of this astonishing game, it is relatively important to grasp the creations of volleyball.
To start with, volleyball is, at the present time, popularly played in 211 countries across the world. It was created one afternoon by William Morgan of the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA) in 1895, four years after basketball was invented. It was at first known as mintonette.  During the time that Morgan invented volleyball, high schools and colleges were already participating in various basketball championships. It was difficult for volleyball to widely spread because of its inflexible rules. Morgan, initially, came up with volleyball as a form of entertainment for the YMCA members during their afternoon time off. Key modifications to the regulations of the game were made in 1912. Furthermore, in 1949, the first women’s national tournament took place and finally in 1964, volleyball became part of the Olympic Games. Today, it’s an abundantly practiced game even in high schools. It can be generally played as beach, grass or indoor volleyball. Nevertheless, for a professional...
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