Topics: Volkswagen, Volkswagen Beetle, Volkswagen Group Pages: 9 (2685 words) Published: April 15, 2013

Volkswagen (abbreviated VW) is the original and biggest-selling marque of the Volkswagen Group, which now also owns the Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Lamborghini, SEAT, and Škodamarques and the truck manufacturer Scania.

Volkswagen means "people's car" in German, where it is pronounced [ˈfɔlksˌvaːɡən]. Its current tagline or slogan is Das Auto (in English The Car).


The automobile industry has changed the way people live and work. The earliest of modern cars was manufactured in the year 1895. Shortly the first appearance of the car followed in India. As the century turned, three cars were imported in Mumbai (India). Within decade there were total of 1025 cars in the city. The dawn of automobile actually goes back to 4000 years when the first wheel was used for transportation in India. In the beginning of 15th century, Portuguese arrived in China and the interaction of the two cultures led to a variety of new technologies, including the creation of a wheel that turned under its own power. By 1600s small steam-powered engine models was developed, but it took another century before a full-sized engine-powered vehicle was created. Brothers Charles and Frank Duryea introduced the actual horseless carriage in the year 1893. It was the first internal-combustion motor car of America, and it was followed by Henry Ford’s first experimental car that same year. One of the highest-rated early luxury automobiles was the 1909 Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost that featured a quiet 6-cylinder engine, leather interior, folding windscreens and hood, and an aluminum body. Chauffeurs usually drove it and emphasis was on comfort and style rather than speed. During the 1920s, the cars exhibited design refinements such as balloon tires, pressed-steel wheels, and four-wheel brakes. Graham Paige DC Phaeton of 1929 featured an 8-cylinder engine and an aluminum body. The 1937 Pontiac De Luxe sedan had roomy interior and rear-hinged back door that suited more to the needs of families. In 1930s, vehicles were less boxy and more streamlined than their predecessor was. The 1940s saw features like automatic transmission, sealed-beam headlights, and tubeless tires. The year 1957 brought powerful high-performance cars such as Mercedes-Benz 300SL. It was built on compact and stylized lines, and was capable of 230 kmph (144 mph).This was the Indian automobile history, and today modern cars are generally light, aerodynamically shaped, and compact.


Type: Public Company
Headquarters: Germany
Industry: Automotive
Products: Cars, Trucks
Revenue: €113.8 billion (2008)
Operating income: €6.61 billion (2008)
Profit: €4.68 billion (2008)
Employees: 369,928(2008)
Vehicle brand companies: Audi
Bentley motors ltd.
Bugatti automobile
Subsidiaries: Lamborghini
Skoda auto
Volkswagen passenger car
Volkswagen commercials vehicles

Type: Subsidiary of Volkswagen group
Founded: May 28, 1937
Founders: Ferdinand Porsche, Adolf Hitler
Headquarters: Wolfsburg, Germany
Area served: Worldwide
Key people:
Martin Winterkorn: (Chairman of board of management)
Christian kingler:
Ferdinand piech: (board of management of the Volkswagen passanger cars) (chairman of Volkswagen supervisory board
Industry: Automotive
Products: Cars, Trucks

History of Volkswagen:

Adolf Hitler had a keen interest in cars even though he did not like to drive. In 1933, shortly after taking over as leader of Germany, he teamed up with Ferdinand Porsche to make changes to Porsche's original 1931 design to make it more suited for the working man. Hans Ledwinka discussed his ideas with Ferdinand Porsche, who used many Tatra design features in the 1938 "KdF-Wagen", later known as the VW Käfer—or Volkswagen Beetle. When Chrysler brought out the 1934 DeSoto Airflow coupe, its design enabled Mr. Porsche to finalize his design of the Beetle....
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