Vocabulary for Crime and Punishment

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Crime punishment
Deter (v) /di'tə:/| try to prevent; show opposition toDiscourage Dissuade /di'sweid/| Humane (a) /'hju:mein/| showing evidence of moral and intellectual advancementHumanist,  Humanistic| Legislation (n) /,ledʤis'leiʃn| Law-making Sự làm luậtA law or set of laws suggested by a government and made official by a parliament Pháp luật, pháp chế| Offender (n) /ə'fendə/Offend (v)| Someone who is guilty of a crime.Ex: first-offender Người phạm tội lần đầu| Punish (v)| impose a penalty on; inflict punishment onpenalizeEx: Those responsible for serious crimes must be punished.| Commit (v)| To do something illegal or something that is considered wrong Làm hại đếnEx: People who commit serious crimes should be given lengthy (long) prison sentences| Prevention (n) | The government should focus on the prevention of crime rather than introducing harsher prison sentences.| Criminal (n) | A person who commits a crime.Ex: Criminals who commit violent crimes should not be given probation.| Probation (n) - to be on probation| a trial period during which an offender has time to redeem himself or herselfEx: Probation is a good way to reduce prison overcrowding, but it must only be used for those who have committed minor crimes| Rehabilitate (v) /,ri:ə'biliteit/| restore to a state of good condition or operation – phục hồi, khôi phụcEx: It is important to rehabilitate criminals while they are in prison otherwise they may re-offend (commit a crime again) when they are released from prison.| Guilt (n) | Having done something wrong or committed a crimeCulpability /¸kʌlpə´biliti/, CrimeEx: If jurors (the members of a jury) find a defendant guilty, then that person must be punished| Convict (v) (n)- to convict someone of a crime| To decide officially in a court of law that someone is guilty of a crime kết án, tuyên bố có tộia person who has been convicted of a criminal offense/ a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison người bị...
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