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• Act: acting happens in plays or movies and it’s carried out by actors.

• Antagonist: a character who is the main enemy of the protagonist.

• Anti-climax: a sudden, unexpected falling action that leads the audience to feel bored and disappointed.

• Catharsis: A release of emotional tension, as after an overwhelming experience, that restores or refreshes the spirit.

• Climax: when the progression of the story reaches its greatest intensity.

• Comic relief: Comic relief is the inclusion of a humorous character, scene or witty dialogue in an otherwise serious work, often to relieve tension.

• Complication: conflict between characters.

• Conflict: when two characters oppose each other will generate a conflict.

• Denouement: the conclusion or resolution of a plot.

• Dramatic Irony: the audience knows what’s going on but the characters have no clue about it.

• Dramatic Tension: the use of stage direction, dialogues, probs, sounds to increase the intensity in the play and therefore create tension

• Ellipsis: a gap in speech which indicates feelings of suspension or nervousness in the character.

• Empathy: is the capacity to recognize emotions that are being experienced by another sentient or fictional being.

• Exposition: is the portion of a story that introduces important background information to the audience

• Foil: a foil is a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of the other character

• Foreshadowing: hints of what is about to happen in the play.

• Greek Tragedy: the main character is doomed for disaster/ inevitable tragic outcome

• Irony: the opposite implication of what being said or meant.

• Nemesis: An opponent that cannot be beaten or overcome. • Pathos: an element which stimulates the audience to feel pity, sympathy or sorrow for the...
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