Vivisection, John Dalton vs Frances Cobbe

Topics: Animal testing, Regulatory Focus Theory, Persuasion Pages: 4 (1442 words) Published: October 13, 2010
Vivisection is the dissection of living animals for experimental purposes. Vivisection has been around for over 2000 years. However, it was not until the 18th century when the use of research animals in laboratory became widespread in Europe. Since then, animal experimentation has been one of the most debated issues because some people think that vivisection is an immoral and cruel thing while others think that it is necessary. While John Dalton supports vivisection and thinks it is necessary for humans to learn more, Frances Cobbe thinks that vivisection is not only cruel, but also morally wrong. After reading both authors’ work, John Dalton’s work is ultimately more structured and persuasive to his audience than Frances Cobbe’s chaos and emotional work.

John Dalton (1825-1889) is an American physiologist born in Chehnsford, Massachusetts. He was graduated at the medical department of Harvard University. He became a professor of physiology in the University of Buffalo, and was the first professor in the United States to teach vivisection. As a physiology Dalton supports vivisection and thinks that it is necessary for humans to learn more from vivisection and to improve from it. Therefore, he wrote “vivisection” in 1866 to be read before other physicians and physiologists in the New York Academy of Medicine. Dalton wrote “vivisection” to persuade people that vivisection is actually not that cruel and is needed for humans to improve and to discover new things that would help the entire human race. In his speech, Dalton gives a variety of examples and lots of reasoning to defend vivisection so that people will accept it.

Frances Cobbe (1822-1904) was an Irish writer and a social reformer. She also founded some animal advocacy groups, including the British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection in 1898. Cobbe published her work to the public, thus targeting all men and women in America. Cobbe’s work is more like trying to show how cruel and unethical...
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