Vital Signs

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Module 10: Vital Signs Module 10: Vital Signs Minimum Number of Theory Hours: 3 Recommended Clinical Hours: 6 Statement of Purpose: The purpose of this unit is to prepare students to know how, when and why vital signs are taken and how to report and chart these procedures. Students will learn the correct procedure for measuring temperature, pulse, respirations, and blood pressure. They will learn to recognize and report normal and abnormal findings. Terminology: Temperature 1. Afebrile 2. Axilla 3. Celsius 4. Fahrenheit 5. Febrile 6. Metabolism 7. Mucosa 8. Pyrexia 9. Tympanic Blood Pressure 10. Aneroid manometer 11. Bell 12. Diaphragm 13. Diastolic 14. Hypertension 15. Hypotension 16. Orthostatic hypotension 17. Pre-hypertension 18. Pulse pressure 19. Sphygmomanometer 20. Stethoscope 21. Systolic Pulse 22. Apical 23. Arrhythmia 24. Bounding 25. Brachial 26. Bradycardia 27. Carotid 28. Pulse deficit 29. Radial 30. Rhythm 31. Thready 32. Tachycardia Respiration 33. Abdominal respirations 34. Apnea 35. Bradypnea 36. Cheyne-Stokes 37. Cyanosis 38. Diaphragm 39. Dyspnea 40. Labored respiration 41. Orthopnea 42. Shallow respiration 43. Stertorous 44. Tachypnea 45. TPR (Temperature, Pulse, Respiration)

Model Curriculum for Nurse Assistants- Revised May 2009

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Module 10: Vital Signs Performance Standards (Objectives): Upon completion of three (3) hours of class plus homework assignments and six (6) hours of clinical experience, the student will be able to: 1. Define key terminology. 2. Describe what is meant by vital signs, their purpose, and observations made while performing the procedures.. 3. Discuss the use of temperature as an indicator of body function. 4. Describe nursing measures to raise and lower the temperature of the body. 5. Describe the circulatory system as it relates to pulse, and identify the pulse sites. 6. Describe factors that increase and decrease pulse, and the qualities to observe in taking a pulse. 7. Define and describe respiration and factors that affect respiratory rate. 8. Describe observations to be made when measuring respirations. 9. Describe abnormal breathing patterns. 10. Describe the process for taking TPR as a combined procedure. 11. Describe what happens in the circulatory system to produce blood pressure. 12. Identify factors that increase or decrease blood pressure. 13. Identify parts of the blood pressure equipment. 14. Discuss the procedure for taking a blood pressure reading. 15. Discuss observation and reporting of resident’s pain. 16. Record vital signs on chart, graph, and nursing assistant notes.

References: 1. Alvare S. Dugan, D. Fuzy, J.(2005) Nursing Assistant Care Instructor’s Guide, Albuquerque, N.M., Hartman Publishing, Inc. 2. Alvare S. Dugan, D. Fuzy, J.(2005) Nursing Assistant Care, Albuquerque, N.M., Hartman Publishing, Inc. 3. Caldwell, E., Acelo, B., & Hegner, B. (2003). Nursing Assistant: A Nursing Process (9th ed.). Albany, NY. Delmar Publishers. 4. Carter, P. (2008) Workbook to Accompany Essentials for Nursing Assistants (2nd ed.) Philadelphia, PA. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 5. Carter, P. (2008). Essentials for Nursing Assistants (2nd ed.) Philadelphia, PA. Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. 6. Delmar Publishers (2003) “Learning Basic Care Skills for Nursing Assistants Video Series”. Albany, NY, Delmar Publishers. 7. Dugan,D.,(2008) Successful Nursing Assistant Care (2nd ed.) Albuquerque, N.M., Hartman 8. Fuzy, J. (2007) The Nursing Assistant’s Handbook. (2nd ed). Albuquerque, NM. Hartman Publishing, Inc 9. Gillogly, B. & Conley, M., (2005). Skills And Techniques For The New Assistant. (7h ed). Irvine, CA. MedCom, Inc. 10. Grubbs, P. (2003). Essentials for Today’s Nursing Assistant: Special Edition. NJ. Prentice-Hall, Inc. 11. Haroun, L. & Royce, S. (2004). Teaching Ideas and Activities for Health Care. Albany, NY. Delmar Publishers.

Model Curriculum for Nurse Assistants- Revised May 2009

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Module 10: Vital Signs 12. Hegner,...
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