Unit one: Principles of personal responsibilities and working in a business environment
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Section 1 – Know the employment rights and responsibilities of the employee and employer
1. Identify four main points that would be included in a contract of employment. If possible, use an example contract to support your answer (feel free to obscure any confidential information).
• Name of the company that the new employee will be working for • Job title
• working hours
2a) List three key points of legislation that affect employers in a business environment.
Legislation in place affects employees and employers alike. Examples of legislation that would affect an employer would be:
- Data protection i.e. In Thomas cook we are unable to give out details of someone’s holiday unless that person is travelling and there can be huge fines etc for the organisation if this is broken. - Discrimination, an organisation can not discriminate against someone because of there Sex, Marital / civil partnership status, A person's disability, Race, Age, Sexual orientation or Religion/belief - National minimum wage/ equal pay this was put in place to protect the employee from being exploited and underpaid but this will affect the employers due to managing cost and if this law is broken then there are strict punishments in place such as big fines. 2b) List three key points of legislation that affect employees in a business environment. - Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 this means the employee has the right to work in safe environment. - Sunday working hours- an employee cannot legally be forced to work a Sunday and can opt out. - Statutory Employment Rights these include the right of have paid time off work, or the right to have time off work for maternity leave or paternity leave
3. Identify a range of places where a person can find information on employment rights and responsibilities. You should identify at least two internal and two external sources of information.
An employee can use a range of information sources to find out there responsibilities some of these are in written form others are in verbal forms. Examples of internal sources are; line managers or informed colleagues, books or written documents such as your employment contract examples of external sources would be trade unions such as the RMT or you could also look for external help by contacting such organisations such as Citizens Advice Bureau or even if the employee has serious problems they could look to contact Equality and Human Rights Commission.
4. Describe how representative bodies can support employees.
Representative bodies are organisations or groups that represent the interest of its members by help an employee when they require it, the most common example of a representative body is a trade union which is a group of people that usually share an occupation or common industry. Representative groups support employee’s in a lot of things including advice or support about health and safety they can also act as a collective bargaining tool if the company wants to change different aspects such a working times, working conditions or pay. The member can also use a trade union as a source of information and support for things such as just simple information on legislation and rules but they could also use a union representative for support in things such as disciplinary hearings....
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