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Virtue and Relativism

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Discussion #1

Give an example of something that one culture might regard as a virtue that another culture might not. Explain why this could lead to relativism. Be sure to support your answer with quote from the text and/or academic resources. Responds to the question below in approx 100 words. It is important for this question that you first define the key terms here Virtue and Relativism.

Define Virtue and Relativism:

Relativism is the idea that one's beliefs and values are understood in terms of one's society, culture, or even one's own individual values. Virtue is a classification within normative ethics that attempts to discover and classify what might be deemed of moral character. (Gowdy, 2010)

One example of something that one culture might regard as a virtue that another culture might not. For example I am a Christian and my sister-in-law is Muslim. As a Christian person I celebrate all Holidays and believe that god is my creator. As for my sister-in-law she does not celebrate Christian Holidays because they don't believe That Jesus Christ was the Son of God. I believe this could be relativism because both of our culture believe in God or what Muslim say Allah which is the same word for God. As in our text it say “ Virtue ethics focuses on the person’s character and what makes, in general, a person good (virtuous) person.” And “ relativism regards values as determined by ones own culture and background.” (Mosser, 2010). Mosser,K (2010) ethics and Social Responsibility. Retrieved from http://content.ashford.edu/books/AUSOC120.10.2/sections/sec1.8 Gowdy,L (2010) Ethics Morals.com Retrieved May 5, 2011 from http://www.ethicsmorals.com/ethicsvirtue.html

Discussion #2

Psychological egoism claims that whatever we do, we do out of self-interest. Give an example of an act you think is not done out of self-interest, and explain how the psychological egoist might try to interpret that act as selfish. Respond in approx 100 words. Please be sure...