A virtual workplace is a workplace that is not located in any one physical space. Rather, several workplaces are technologically connected (via the Internet) without regard to geographic boundaries. A virtual workplace decreases unnecessary costs by integrating technology processes, people processes, and online processes. History:
With information technology playing a greater role in the daily operations of organizations today, virtual workplaces are beginning to replace the traditional office environment of cubicles and office buildings. International organizations have seen a significant increase in business in the past decade due to the globalization and widespread use of technology. By 2008, it is estimated that 41 million corporate employees worldwide will work at least one day per week virtually. As well, 65% of virtual team members have said they have never been involved in an effective team-building meeting, and 36% of the team members had never met their coworkers face-to-face. Types of Virtual Workplaces:
Individual virtual workplaces vary in how they apply existing technology to facilitate team cooperation. Three popular approaches are: 1.
Telecommuting: the availability and use of communications technologies, such as the internet, to work in an offsite location. 2.
Hot desk environment: Employees are not given individual desks; rather each day employees are allocated to a desk where they can access the internet, email and computer network files. This is similar to hotels: recognizing that employees spend more time at the clients' office rather than at the employer's office, employees are not assigned a permanent desk. 3.
Virtual team: the collaboration of employees working closely together and in constant contact but are physically located in different parts of the world.
Virtual Workplace Communication Tools
Conference Calls, NetMeeting, WebEx, VPN, Skype, TelePresence, MPK20 The new workplace dimensions
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