With the increasing popularity of the Internet, new technologies have introduced to provide secure access to the resources from remote clients. Virtual Private Networks are becoming the most universal method for remote access. They enable service provider to take advantage of the power of Internet by providing a private tunnel through the public cloud to realize cost savings and productivity enhancements from remote access applications. VPNs securely convey information across the Internet connection to remote users, branch offices and business partners into an extended corporate network. This paper is an attempt to provide an overview of VPN and its services and how the network security concerns are addressed. It begins by explaining the architecture and types of VPNs used. It then describes the various goals of VPN. Next it explains the basics of tunneling mechanism and how the various tunneling protocols can be used to provide secured communication over the public Internet. Further it compares the basic VPN architectures – MPLS- and IPSec-based VPN architecture. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of advantages and disadvantages of VPN and the essential attributes of the VPN architecture.
Key Words: Tunneling
The world has changed a lot in last few decades. The businesses now not only deal locally or regionally, but also think about global markets. They have spread out across the country or around the world and the main concern is to have fast, secure and reliable communication. The companies started using Wide Area Network (WAN) with leased lines to expand its private network beyond the immediate geographic area. Though the WANs with leased lines provided security, reliability and performance but it’s quite an expensive business to maintain it. The cost effective solution to this problem is Virtual Private Networks (VPN) which is an extension of private... [continues]
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