It was 1976 when the Ebola virus first appeared in the Republic of the Congo in a village situated near the Ebola River from which the disease received this name. The Ebola virus is comprised of five distinct species; bundibugyo, Ivory Coast, Reston, Sudan, and Zaire. Sudan and Zaire species have been associated with large Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) outbreaks in Africa, while the Ivory Coast and Reston species have not. EHF is a febrile hemorrhagic illness which causes death in 25 to 90% of all cases. The Ebola Reston species found in the Philippines can infect humans but no illnesses or deaths in humans has been reported to date. The above virus that most of us are common with is the large Ebola hemorrhagic fever virus in which it is believed that fruit bats in the African Congo are the host species.
Transmission of the virus:
The Ebola virus is introduced into the human population through close contact with blood secretions organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa infection have been documented to the handling of infected chimpanzees gorillas fruit bats monkeys forest antelope and porcupines found dead or ill in the rain forest. Later Ebola spreads in the community through human human transmission resulting from close contact with blood secretions organs and other bodily fluids of infected people. Burial ceremonies were mourners have direct contact body of deceased person can also play a Roman transmission of Ebola. Transmission via infected semen can occur up to seven weeks after clinical recovery. Healthcare workers have frequently been infected while treating Ebola patients this is acquired through close contact without the use of correct infection control precautions and adequate barrier nursing procedures. For example healthcare workers not wearing gloves and or masks and or goggles may be exposed to direct contact with infected patient's blood and are at risk. Also in transmission are farmers their employees and other people...
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