Growing up used to less stressful a few decades ago, back then children were worried about things such a recess and they secretly hoped that their teachers wouldn’t give so much homework. Over the years, children’s priorities have definitely changed; life has become more violent and more dangerous for children. By the time the average U.S. child starts elementary school he or she will have seen 8,000 murders and 100,00 acts of violence on TV and in movies.(probe.org). One in six youths between the ages of 10 and 17 has seen or knows someone who has been shot, (Fagan , 2002).The numbers of child abuse victims has increased 40 percent between 1985 and 1991. (probe.org). Children under 18 were 244 percent more likely to be killed by guns in 1993 than they were in 1986. Movies are the greatest source of visual violence for children (Cesaroni, 79). So, how violent is the media? And the impact media have on members of our family? First, we will look at who is a youth offender in both Canada and the United States, violence in the movies and how it affects the victim and offender; movie ratings in today’s Canadian and American film industry; and Case studies in the media about youth portraying violent acts prior watching violent movies. Therefore violence and crime portrayed in movies has an influence and correlation to adolescent criminal offenders in North America.
Who is a youth offender? According to the Youth Criminal Justice Act in Canada, it states that individuals who are 12 years old or older, but younger than 18 at the time they commit the offence in are considered youth offenders. (www.parle.gc.ca). Youth aged 14 to 18 may be sentenced as adults under certain conditions, as described later on in the act. The Criminal Code of Canada, section 13, states "No person shall be convicted of an offence in respect of an act or omission on his or her part while that person was under the age of twelve years." On the other hand in the United States a youth offender is a person aged between seventeen and twenty years of age who has committed an offence. Generally, youth offender is a person who is older than a juvenile but younger than an adult. (Goldstein, 216). Laws in t0he U.S. vary from state to states, but the courts can re-evaluate juveniles as adults for more severe offenses such as rape, murder or armed robbery. In offences that minor and less severe, can be considered youth offences.
Youth Justice System:
Principles of the Canadian System:
In the YJSA- try to prevent crime by notifying and educating the circumstances which is essential to the youth’s offending behaviour, Canada looks in to rehabilitating those who have committed offences and takes part in them. By doing this the act is making sure that they are aware of the possible other ways of disciplining children making sure they are aware of the consequences of their actions. o
Is hopefully that the youth criminal justice system promotes long-term protection of the public. o
Young offenders should be held accountable for their behaviour by making them accept the consequences of their own offences and by encouraging them to repair the harm done to victims and the community. o
Non-violent offences should be dealt with outside the court process whenever possible, and serious consequences should be saved for the most serious offences. o
The parents of young offenders as well as the community as a whole should be, as appropriate, involved in the measures taken for the social integration of young offenders. o
The expectations of victims should be taken into consideration, and victims should suffer the minimum degree of inconvenience as a result of their involvement with the youth criminal justice system. o
Gender, language and ethnic background must be respected when deciding how to hold a young person accountable, while the overriding principle remains that a sentence must be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence and the degree of responsibility of...
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