Who is a youth offender? According to the Youth Criminal Justice Act in Canada, it states that individuals who are 12 years old or older, but younger than 18 at the time they commit the offence in are considered youth offenders. (www.parle.gc.ca). Youth aged 14 to 18 may be sentenced as adults under certain conditions, as described later on in the act. The Criminal Code of Canada, section 13, states "No person shall be convicted of an offence in respect of an act or omission on his or her part while that person was under the age of twelve years." On the other hand in the United States a youth offender is a person aged between seventeen and twenty years of age who has committed an offence. Generally, youth offender is a person who is older than a juvenile but younger than an adult. (Goldstein, 216). Laws in t0he U.S. vary from state to states, but the courts can re-evaluate juveniles as adults for more severe offenses such as rape, murder or armed robbery. In offences that minor and less severe, can be considered youth offences.
Youth Justice System:
Principles of the Canadian System:
oIn the YJSA- try to prevent crime by notifying and educating the circumstances which is essential to the youth’s offending behaviour, Canada looks in to rehabilitating those who have committed offences and takes part in them. By doing this the act is making sure that they are aware of the possible other ways of disciplining children making sure they are aware of the consequences of their actions. oIs hopefully that the youth criminal justice system promotes long-term protection of the public. oYoung offenders should be held accountable for their behaviour by making them accept the consequences of their own offences and by encouraging them to repair the harm done to victims and the community. oNon-violent offences should be dealt with outside the court process whenever possible, and serious consequences should be saved for the most serious offences. oThe parents of young offenders as well as the community as a whole should be, as appropriate, involved in the measures taken for the social integration of young offenders. oThe expectations of victims should be taken into consideration, and victims should suffer the minimum degree of inconvenience as a result of their involvement with the youth criminal justice system. oGender, language and ethnic background must be respected when deciding how to hold a young person accountable, while the overriding principle remains that a sentence must be proportionate to the seriousness of the offence and the degree of responsibility of...