Workplace violence toward student nurses and newly registered nurses must be eliminated. Nursing students and new nurses are particularly vulnerable to acts of violence. This article discusses the status of the workplace violence of nurses, the effects of violence on students and new nurses, and some strategies can be used to reduce the workplace violence to nurses. Keywords: student nurses, newly registered nurses, workplace violence
Violence against student nurses and newly registered nurses
The health industry may be one of the most violent industries in America. An American National Crime Victimization Survey on violence in the workplace from 1993 to 1999 found that nurses experienced work-related crime at twice the rate of any other health care provider (2001). Nurses reportedly experience workplace violence at a rate four times greater than the average employee (Gallant-Roman 2008). Especially, for student nurses and newly grads, they are learning the clinical practices and do not have enough experience to handle all situations they may face. They are more vulnerable of violent behaviors than other staff nurses. Workplace violence is defined as violent acts, including both physical assault and threats of assaults, directed toward workers and those in the workplace (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1996). One source type of workplace violence, horizontal violence, which has been frequently described in the literature and recently receives great attention, is the violence that occurs among and between workers and their colleagues (Baltimore, 2006). According to Baltimore (2006), “Horizontal violence includes a wide range and variable degrees of antagonism: gossiping, criticism, innuendo, scapegoat, undermining, intimidation, passive aggression, withholding information, insubordination, bullying, and verbal and physical aggression” (p. 30). The effect of workplace violence...