Views of Illegal Immigration Throughout the U.S

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Jeffrey Fisher
11/26/2007
Eng 100-01
Hartzell
Views of Illegal Immigration throughout the U.S
Visibly there are many viewpoints surrounding illegal immigrants and whether or not it should be legalized to come to America. Immigration is the movement of people into one place from another. Illegal immigration refers to immigration across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country. Under this definition, an illegal immigrant is a foreigner who either illegally crossed an international political border, either by land, sea or air, or a foreigner who legally entered a country but nevertheless overstays their visa in order to live and/or work. The US has often been called the "melting pot." The name is delivered from United States' rich tradition of immigrants coming to the US looking for something better. Most of them did not posses wealth or power in their home countries. Most were not highly educated. Other than these few commonalities of what they didn't possess, their backgrounds were vastly different. Opinions vary about the economic effects of immigration. Those who find that immigrants produce a negative effect on the U.S. economy often focus on the difference between taxes paid and government services received and wage-lowering effects among low-skilled native workers, while those who find positive economic effects focus on added productivity and lower costs to consumers for certain goods and services.

This researched argument exploring the varying viewpoints on the issue of immigration into the U.S will utilize the following scholarly articles: "Immigration raids hurt farmers", by Moira Herbst, from the academic journal Business Week, "Immigration and the U.S. Economy: Labor-Market Impacts, Illegal Entry, and Policy Choices", by Gordon H. Hanson, Kenneth F. Scheve, Matthew J. Slaughter, and Antonio Spilimbergo, from the academic journal Oxford, and finally the scholarly article, "Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the US.-Mexico Border", by Gordan H. Hanson and Antonio Spilimbergo, from the academic journal American Economic Association.

The first source utilized in this researched argument is "Immigration raids hurt farmers", by Moira Herbst, from the academic journal Business Week, a magazine that gives numerous types of business news. The article explores how farmers support immigration into the U.S because they say an immigration crackdown is causing workers to flee and crippling operations and now the farmers are urging to reform (Herbst). In the article it states how Maureen Torrey, an 11th generation farmer in the rural town of Elba, N.Y., has lost a lot of sleep because she doesn't have enough workers to harvest and bring in crops her 11,000 acre farm which grows cabbage and winter squash. The farmer Maureen Torrey says, "With all the raids, people get scared and leave, and I don't blame them". Torrey as quoted by Herbst clearly this illustrates that immigrants are aware of the possible risks at working illegal in the U.S and by getting caught they can suffer major consequences (Herbst). Herbst states a "climate of fear is spreading among undocumented immigrant workers, causing turmoil in industries dependent on their labor. In August the Homeland Security Dept. announced that employers would be required to terminate workers who fail to produce valid Social Security numbers". An estimated three-quarter of agricultural workers in the U.S. are undocumented, and growers are starting to feel the paralyzing effects of losing their workforce. Herbst says "They say that unless the government implements workable reforms, the future of the U.S. as a food-producing nation is in jeopardy". This goes to show that Americans agriculture economy will greatly suffer because the farmers that are producing the goods aren't going to have the sufficient amount of workers to maintain the farms and without agriculture...
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