Vietnamese History and Culture

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 26
  • Published: November 23, 2014
Read full document
Text Preview
1. What are the main characteristics of Vietnamese History & Culture? - Firstly, Vietnam has a long history filled with a lot of wars, especially resistant wars against foreign invaders. During the Van Lang – Au Lac civilization, Chao To conquered Au Lac in 179BC and then established Nan Yue Kingdom until 111BC when Han Dynasty replaced, starting 10 centuries of Chinese domination. During this period, there were a lot of Vietnamese people’s uprisings against Chinese ruler such as uprising 2 sister Trung, Ms Trieu, Phung Hung, Ly Bi, Trieu Quang Phuc, … Finally, in 938AD, Ngo Quyen defeated Southern Han troops on Bach Dang River, beginning an independent era of our country. After that, there was a civil war between 12 warlords until Dinh Bo Linh unified the country. In the Earlier Le Dynasty, Le Hoan defeated Sung troops from China. After that, our army won against 0.5 million Mongolian – Yuan troops when they attacked our country 3 times during Tran Dynasty. Later, Le Loi swept out Ming troops, established Later Le Dynasty in 1427-1428. However, in the next period, Vienam faced a national division into Northern Court, ruled by the Mac and Southern Court, ruled by the Le. When Mac collapsed in 1592, civil wars and peasant wars took place, the most significant one is Trinh – Nguyen War, which finally ended in the 18th century when 3 Tay Son brothers stood up. In 1788 – 1789, Nguyen Hue defeated 290,000 Tsing troops, only 5,000 survived, starting Tay Son Dynasty. In 1858, Vietnam was attacked by French colonials. While fighting against the French, our army also had to face 200,000 Tuong Gioi Thach troops from China. From 1846 to 1954, there was Indochina War which was a resistant war against French imperialism. Soon after we defeated the French, we immediately faced The Vietnam War – which was a resistant war against American for nation salvation. The final general offensive and uprising 1975 totally defeated the Neo-colonialism and unified our country. After...
tracking img