Vietnam, Cuba and the Cold War

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History Homework - Vietnam

Why did the USA fail in Vietnam?
America failed in the Vietnam War for various reasons; the people of Vietnam liked the communists of North Vietnam. The Americans bombed and killed the Vietnamese. The people of Vietnam hated the Americans in the end. The Americans tried to bomb the Vietnamese into submission and failed. Also when they were in open warfare America was successful, but when it turned into a guerrilla war America failed, that's why America used napalm, to try and flush the Vietcong out. Another reason why America failed in the Vietnam War was because the Americans where not prepared for the jungle terrain.

Why did the USA get increasingly involved?
America wanted to get involved in the Vietnam situation as early as the 1940s, to stop of spread of communism. America was trying to protect the interests of France, after a pro-communist government led by Ho Chi Minh jeopardized French control.

Most effective tactics – USA/ Communists?
The fighting tactics used by the Viet Cong during the Vietnam War were unpredictable and deceitful. They had underground tunnels that covered 400km where people could live for years at a time, they fought a guerrilla war, ambushing US patrols, setting booby traps and landmines, and planting bombs in towns. They joined with the peasants, wearing ordinary clothes. The Americans couldn't identify who the enemy was. Their tactic was "hanging onto the belts" of the Americans - staying so close to the Americans so they could not use air or artillery backup without killing their own men. The American Tactics were very different; they fought a hi-tech war, using B52 bombers, artillery, helicopters, napalm and Agent Orange. This killed many civilians, and failed to stop the Vietcong guerrillas. Search and destroy patrols went out looking for "Charlie", as they called the Vietcong. But the patrols were very visible, and easy to ambush. Overall I think that the most effecting tactics were the communists’ tactics.

What were the different ways the war was fought?
The Vietnam War was a guerrilla war that was fought on difficult terrain. There was no front line, just hit and run tactics. The guerrilla fighters were hard to distinguish from the other civilians, making it hard to tell who’s who. The Vietnamese people suffered greatly during the Vietnam War, with the use of napalm, killing thousands of civilians. America dropped over 6.3 million tons of bombs on Vietnam.

Why did USA withdraw from Vietnam?
The American public were very against the war in Vietnam after the media showed the American public what it was like in Vietnam. The duration and cost of the war was making it even more unpopular in America. Finally a cease fire was signed in Paris on January 28th 1973.

Ho Chi Minh
President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam until 1969. He led Vietcong in the Vietnam War until he died in 1969.

Ngo Dinh Diem
President of south Vietnam until 1963. Anti Communist

17th Parallel
The Vietnamese demilitarized zone.

What America was fighting against in the Vietnam war.

Domino Theory
The game given to the spread of communism through the countries.

President of America from 1953 to 1861.

President of America from 1961 until 1963 when he was assassinated.

President of America from 1963 to 1969.

Presidents of America from 1969 to 1974.

America’s military advisers or MAAG.

The Vietcong were north Vietnamese communists that fought the guerrilla war in Vietnam. They didn’t have uniforms, dressed the same as the peasants. They launched hit and run attacks on the Americans fighting for south Vietnam.

Guerrilla warfare was a hit-and-run technique used in fighting a war; fighting in small groups using tactics like ambushes. It also involves fighting men who don’t have a uniform. This makes it difficult to know who is an enemy.

Ho Chi Minh Trail...
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