1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
A video game is an electronic game that involves human interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device. The word video in video game traditionally referred to cathode ray tube (CRT) display device, but it now implies any type of display device that can produce two or three dimensional images. The electronic systems used to play video games are known as platforms; examples of these are personal computers and video game consoles .These platforms range from large mainframe computers to small handheld devices. Specialized video games such as arcade games, while previously common, have gradually declined in use. The input device used to manipulate video games is called a game controller, and varies across platforms. For example, a controller might consist of only a button and a joystick, while another may feature a dozen buttons and one or more joysticks. Early personal computer games often needed a keyboard for game play, or more commonly, required the user to buy a separate joystick with at least one button. Many modern computer games allow or require the player to use a keyboard and a mouse simultaneously. A few of the most common game controllers are gamepads, mouse, keyboards, and joysticks. Video games typically use additional means of providing interactivity and information to the player. Audio is almost universal, using sound reproduction devices, such as speakers and headphones. Other feedback may come via haptic peripherals, such as vibration or force feedback, with vibration sometimes used to simulate force feedback. The present era is the age of modern communication technology is an integral part of youth lives in the twenty first century. The world of electronic media however is changing dramatically; the vast majority of youth have access to multiple media. Most have internet and video game access and a significant portion have cellphones and iPads. Video games have been an important part of our culture (Sherry 2001). The term Video game in the broadcast possible sense is a form of computer based entertainment. Youth play video games for fun with the goal of progressing to the next Level (stage in playing games) and eventually conquering the opponent whether that’s another player or the computer. What’s more the social aspect sharing tactics experiences and explanation helps cement what they have learned. Opportunity for gaming are everywhere and teens are playing video games frequently. Educational video games, handheld device and media production tools can allow young students to see how complex language and other symbols systems attached to the world. From the first rock arrow heads to globe spanning communication network, human have attempted to use technology in improving length and quality of life. Video games are digital entertainment media that utilize both audio and visual channels to capture the audience attention and immense the in the developers vision. In many cases, this involves putting the player in the role of the avatar that interacts with the in game cases. In essence the player is the star of an interactive movie he sees his avatars action portrayed on screen for his entertainment. It logically follows that the aesthetics for video game should attain similar standards to that of a movie, the quality of both visuals and sound should be high.
According to Anderson, Buckley and Gentile 2007; Anderson and Bushman 2001: Anderson Carnagey, Flangnan, Benjamin Eubanks and Valentine 2004; Anderson & Dill 2000, Experimental and longitudinal and meta-analytic data indicate that playing violent video games increase aggression hostility and aggressive thoughts. According to Hannon, 2007 Epstein, Beeches, Graf and Roemmich 2007. Games with positive content show positive effect. For Example, playing a dancing Video Game can help children lose weight...