Victory of Greece in the Greco-Persian Wars

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The Ancient Greek city-states of the 5th century BCE took on one of the most powerful and dangerous empires of the ancient world in a struggle to maintain independence from the Persians. The Persians represented the opposite in ideals of everything that is Greek and threatened the end of political sovereignty, higher thinking, and innovation. Overcoming the Persians was a critical accomplishment by the Greeks in the Greco-Persian wars of the 5th century and can be attributed to their superior strategizing and exceptional leadership in time of crisis. The Persian wars got its start in 499 BCE on the eastern shores of the Aegean Sea. The Greek colonies of Iona had been taken over by the king of Persia, Darius, and it was not long before they revolted. This revolt has come to be known as the Ionian Revolt. The Greek city-states of Athens and Eretria were called to aid their kinsmen during the opening year of the revolution but soon withdrew. The Ionians held their own until 494 BCE when the Persian navy destroyed the Ionian navy in the Battle of Lade. The Athenian and Eretria involvement in the revolt angered King Darius and four years later he assembled a force to retaliate. In July of 490 BCE his fleet with army on board left Cilicia landed on the shores of Naxos. The Persians destroyed and burned the Naxos and moved on to Eretria where they met heavy resistance but were victorious after 6 days. With the first of the campaign's main objective's accomplished the army moved to Marathon which is about 26 miles from Athens. The battle of Marathon is one of the three most important battles of the Persian Wars. The Persian army, under King Darius, camped on the beach of Marathon and planned on marching to Athens and overwhelm them with their superior numbers. Mobilizing their troops quickly, the Athenians swiftly assembled in the hills above the beach directly in the path of the Persians. Instead of attacking immediately the Persians camped on the beach...
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