Victorian Era

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The Victorian era, from the coronation of Queen Victoria in 1837 until her death in 1901, was an era of several unsettling social developments that forced writers more than ever before to take positions on the immediate issues animating the rest of society. Thus, although romantic forms of expression in poetry and prose continued to dominate English literature throughout much of the century, the attention of many writers was directed, sometimes passionately, to such issues as the growth of English democracy, the education of the masses, the progress of industrial enterprise and the consequent rise of a materialistic philosophy. This brings me to a discussion of two great writers, Thomas Carlyle, with his thoughts on dehumanization of society and John Stuart Mill, with thoughts of freedom and opinion. Both these writers wanted a positive change in society and equality that in turn, gives a “duty” and “progress” to achieve successful outcomes with cultural and moral implications. First I want to discuss is the impact that Thomas Carlyle had on the Victoria Era. The cultural “duty” and “process” of the frugal economy was unified by human and spiritual values, while modern culture defied impersonal economic forces and abstract theories of human rights and natural laws. Carlyle thoughts on his fellow Victorians as well as historians made an impact on his beliefs. He believed that a strong leader could be the answer to social reform and that the modern world was breaking down due to this lost. In our text book, The Longman Anthology, it stated that, “Democracy, to Carlyle, meant the breakdown of political order, the “despair of finding any heroes to govern you” (pg. 1124). This gave indication that Carlyle looked at values of communities as collapsing into isolated individualism and laissez-faire Capitalism. He condemns any man or women that didn’t follow a spiritual GOD. His believe that GOD was the only person to abide to and there isn’t any human being that should...
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