Victorian Age and Literature

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* Great economic, social and political changes occurred in Britain * The British Empire reached its height and covered about a quarter of the world’s land * Industry and trade expanded rapidly

* Science and technology made great advances
* The size of the middle class grew enormously
* More people were getting an education
* The government introduced democratic reform
* New scientific theories seemed to challenge many religious beliefs

* Alexandrina Victoria
* May 24, 1819 – January 22, 1901
* Monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland * Empress of India
* Daughter of Prince Edward and Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld * Married her 1st cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840

* The body of poetry, fiction, essay and letters produced during the reign of Queen Victoria * Novels became the leading form of writing
A. Major Victorian Poets
1. Alfred Tennyson (1809-92)
* Reflects his age especially in his idealism and his devotion to rather formal virtue. He wrote seriously with a high moral purpose. * Idylls of the King is a disguised study of ethical and social conditions. * Locksley Hall, In Memoriam, and Maud deal with conflicting scientific and social ideas. 2. Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861)

* Wrote the most exquisite love poems of her time in Sonnets from the Portuguese. * These lyrics were written secretly while Robert Browning was courting her. 3. Robert Browning (1812-89)

* Is best remembered for his dramatic monologues.
* My Last Duchess, Fra Lippo Lippi, and Andrea del Sarto are excellent examples. 4. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood is a group of painters and poets who rebelled against the sentimental and the commonplace. They wished to revive the artistic standards of the time before the...
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