victimology

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 Forty two police officers from Northern Ohio were arrested on cocaine distribution charges, the largest number of officers ever arrested in a single day in United States history. Police corruption is illegal acts or commission by police officers on duty whom abuse their position to receive any type of gain for themselves or others. There are many types of corruption which includes, internal corruption where police officers bend rules/law to commission illegal acts for example destroying evidence. Selective enforcement where police officers exploit their discretion and authority, for example arresting someone and not charging them in return of cash. Active criminalities where police officers participate in serious criminal activity using their positions of power and influence to commit the criminal acts they are entrusted to enforce, for example police officers perform a robbery and then proceeding to be and officer responding to a radio call. Lastly there is bribery/extortion where police officers use their vested authority to generate a personal source of money. Bribery is initiated by the citizen while extortion is initiated by the officer, for example pulling over a vehicle for speeding but accepting cash from the driver to not issue the ticket. What influences police corruption and how can it be prevented? There are three major factors that influence police corruption, there are leadership, Integrity and police subculture. The lack of strong leadership is a result of corruption. Leadership is the activity of leading a group of people or an organisation establishing a clear vision of their mission. The leader of a police department has great power, responsibility and influence over their department. The possibility exist that no matter how conscientious they are and how thoroughly they do their jobs they cannot keep and officer from performing acts of corruption due to the ratio of officers to supervisors. There is also the fact that “mentoring young officers can allow corruption to spread. Once a void is created by the lack of a strong or cohesive leadership, it will be filled with substandard or unethical officers looking to bolster their rank.”(www.fbi.gov/stats-services). This explains that once the leader doesn’t enforce their authority younger officers will follow suit to older officer in corruption. There are many ways a leader can prevent corruption is there department “chiefs have found that it is important to take steps early in their administration and that waiting too long may make it impossible to overcome the hostility that forceful anticorruption methods will produce in those who subscribe to “the code”.”(The Police an introduction, Michael D. Lyman page 236). A leader can also prevent corruption in their department by acknowledging officer outstand work on the job, this helps boast an officer morale and confidence in his senior, it also shows other officer that they are looking at how the perform on the job. The leader should also administer to her or her officers in a fear and meaningful way. Inconsistence in rewarding and discipline will take a toll on every member of a department. For example if a highway patrol officer issues a reasonable number of tickets to driver whom break the law and his department leader notices that he is committed to his job and isn’t abusing his/her authority and power his leader may acknowledge him/her so that the other can see with honest work comes great reward, this may lead other officer to follow suit. The leader also has to enforce great punishment onto officer whom engages in corruption send a strong message to other officer that corruption isn’t tolerated or accepted under their leadership. Once a leader uses all his/her authority vested in them to control, lead and motivate there department the issue of corrupt officer may slowly fade away as it is the responsibility of the leader to guide officer to carry out the duty rightfully. Leaders must...
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