Vicegerency

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INTRODUCTION
Man created by Allah S.W.T. with purpose. The purpose that we clearly see is to be the Khalifah (vicegerent). Man are not created only to serve and worship Allah S.W.T. but to take action according to guidance and instruction by Him. Khalifah originated from root word Khalafa, means to succeed or to replace a person due either to his absence, or his incompetence, or his death, or as honour for the successor. Allah S.W.T. says:

“We have honoured the sons of Adam; provided them with transport on land and sea; given them for sustenance things good and pure; and conferred on them special favours, above a great part of our creation.” Al-Quran English Translation (Al-Isra’, 17:70)-Yusuf Ali

Allah S.W.T. has planned to execute vicegerency through Adam. Adam a’layhissalam was sent to the earth to establish it. The Muslim Ummah which had the vicegerency on the earth lost it because of so called ignorance, negligence and division. Lack of research and knowledge of modern science and technology has worsened the situation further. The revival of the vicegerency and, hence, the glory of Islam only depend on accepting and progressing in the knowledge of the modern sciences and technologies with a perfect blend of Islamic spirituality. Allah, The Almighty, has best towed human beings with a status and honour, besides all other status, of His vicegerent on earth. Allah S.W.T. says:

“It is He Who hath made you (His) agents, inheritors of the earth: He hath raised you in ranks, some above others: that He may try you in the gifts He hath given you: for thy Lord is quick in punishment: yet He is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.”Al-Quran English Translation (Al-An’am, 06:165)-Yusuf Ali) There are some essentials to be the crown of His vicegerent on Adam and his children. If they abandon it, then the concept the caliphate on earth will be a fiction only. First of all, we have to determine that the lawful right to enjoy the caliphate of earth is of the children of Adam, and who can else be able to have this crown, and what qualities are the prerequisite for one to have it. The holy Quran, the comprehensive constitution of the universe, guides us completely in this matter. Allah S.W.T. says:

“Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.” Al-Quran English Translation (Al-Imran, 03:110)-Yusuf Ali

The verse elucidate that the burden of vicegerent will be enjoyed by the believers. And the responsibility of welfare of children of Adam is on the shoulders of the believers. This is the reason that the first caliph on earth Adam (A.S) was made by ALLAH. He is the first believer on this earth. The qualities or the knowledge bestowed to him qualified him to be the first vicegerent on this earth. The Muslims should realize that it is their responsibility to guide the crowd of human beings that has gone astray. They should fulfil their responsibility of guiding human beings on the true religion and the straight path in the light and guidance given to them by ALLAH.

SUMMARY
KINDS OF KHALIFAH
Khalifah is classified into 2 kinds. The first is Khalifah Amah which inclusive of Muslims and non-Muslims, and the other one is Khalifah Khassah, which is only for Muslims.
Generally, human beings are considered as vicegerents because they are the one that responsible to develop and make a comfortable place to live in the earth. But, in detail or in the other hand, the real vicegerents on the earth are Muslims. This is because Muslims are the only one that can carry out Allah’s commands, instructions and administer life accordance to His will.

God has provided the most valuable gift to human beings that are “reasoning”. It is through reason, man acquired knowledge and understanding things. Allah...
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