# Verbal Problem Solving

**Topics:**Addition, Elementary arithmetic, Multiplication

**Pages:**3 (652 words)

**Published:**February 26, 2013

There are two steps to solving math word problems:

1. Translate the wording into a numeric equation

that combines smaller "expressions"

2. Solve the equation!

Suggestions:

* Read the problem entirely

Get a feel for the whole problem

* List information and the variables you identify

Attach units of measure to the variables (gallons, miles, inches, etc.) * Define what answer you need,

as well as its units of measure

* Work in an organized manner

Working clearly will help you think clearly

* Draw and label all graphs and pictures clearly

* Note or explain each step of your process;

this will help you track variables and remember their meanings * Look for the "key" words (above)

Certain words indicate certain mathematical operations:

Math expressions (examples):

after you review the keywords, test yourself

addition: 5+x| subtraction: 5-x|

multiplication: 5*x; 5x| division: 5 ÷ x; 5/x|

Exercise: ("mouse over" the block for answer)|

Key words for addition +

increased by; more than; combined together; total of; sum; added to| What is the sum of 8 and y?| 8 + y|

Express the number (x) of apples

increased by two| x + 2|

Express the total weight of

Alphie the dog (x) and Cyrus the cat (y)| x + y|

Key words for Subtraction -

less than, fewer than, reduced by, decreased by, difference of| What is four less than y| y - 4|

What is nine less than a number (y)| y - 9|

What if the number (x) of pizzas

was reduced by 6?| x - 6|

What is the difference of my weight (x)

and your weight (y)| x - y|

Key words for multiplication * x or integers next to each other (5y, xy): of, times, multiplied by|

What is y multiplied by 13| 13y or 13 * y|

Three runners averaged "y" minutes.

Express their total running time:| 3y|

I drive my car at 55 miles per hour.

How far will I go in "x" hours?| 55x|

Key words for division ÷ /

per, a; out of; ratio of,...

Please join StudyMode to read the full document