Allen Straw, Extension Horticulturist, Southwest Virginia Agricultural Research and Extension Center
Vegetable Planting Guide and Recommended Planting Dates
When to Plant
The Planting Area Map can be used to determine the average date of last killing frost in your area. Actual dates will vary due to local conditions and yearly temperature fluctuations. You can use the average date of the last killing frost in the spring to adapt the Recommended Planting Dates Chart to your particular area.
Planting Area Map
Piedmont Area Average last killing frost in spring 4/20 - 4/30
Average first killing frost Average last killing frost in fall 10/19 - 10/29 in spring 4/10 - 4/21 Average number of frost free days 182 days Average first killing frost in fall 11/8 - 11/28 Average number of frost free days 230 days Clarke Loudoun Fauquier Rappahannock Rockingham Highland Page Gre
Mountain Area Average last killing frost in spring 5/10 - 5/15
Average first killing frost in fall 10/10 - 10/15 Average number of frost free days 165 days
Fairfax Prince William Stafford King George
Culpeper Orange Louisa
Spotsylvania Caroline Hanover Henrico
Botetourt Craig Giles Buchanan Dickenson Wise Lee Scott Russell Tazewell Smyth Bland Pulaski Wythe Grayson Carroll Floyd Patrick Roanoke
Powhatan Buckingham Richmond Cumberland Appomattox Prince Edward Charlotte Amelia Nottoway
King & Queee King William
Lancaster Middlesex Mathews
Chesterfield Petersburg Dinwiddie
Charles James City City Prince George Surry
Pittsylvania Danville Halifax
Lunenburg Mecklenburg Brunswick Greensville
Isle of Wight Suffolk
York Newport Northhampton News Hampton Norfolk Virginia Beach Chesapeake
Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2009 Virginia Cooperative Extension programs and employment are open to all, regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, religion, age, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, or marital or family status. An equal opportunity/affirmative action employer. Issued in furtherance of Cooperative Extension work, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Virginia State University, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. RIck D. Rudd, Interim Director, Virginia Cooperative Extension, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg; Alma C. Hobbs, Administrator, 1890 Extension Program, Virginia State, Petersburg.
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Recommended Planting Dates
Instructions: To use this chart, write in the day of your average last spring frost on the line above the 00 column. From there, fill in the dates before that frost, to the left of the 00 column, each 10 days prior to the last. For example, if your average last frost date is April 15, write April 15 on the line above 00. Then write April 5 above the column marked 10 to the left of the 00 column, March 26 in the next column to the left, etc. To the right of the 00 column, write April 25, May 5, May 15, etc. Also make note of the approximate first frost date in the fall so you will know dates of end of harvest for tender crops. This will vary for different areas. For more information on fall gardens, use the fall planning calendar in Fall Vegetable Gardening, Virginia Cooperative Extension Publication 426-334.
Planting Dates Chart
3/26 4/5 4/15 4/25 5/4 5/15 Example Date
1 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 CROP 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 asparagus ** o o - - - - beans, bush # # # # # # o beans, pole x x x # # o o...