The late 19th to early 20th century was a time of mass immigration in America. Famine, war, lack of money, and lack of freedom were some of the reasons people left their countries, or the push factors. Many people sought a life, in which they didn’t have to worry about wars, political strife, and poverty. They thought all of the problems they had to deal with in their native countries would be resolved once they got to America. They reasons they specifically came to America or the pull factors included jobs, tons of land, economic opportunity, and the freedom to practice your religion freely. Once they got to America they were surprised by what they saw. Nativism or xenophobia was a big problem for the Immigrants. Once they reached land, the U.S citizens didn’t hesitate to show their hate of the immigrants. Another problem the immigrants had to face was the horrible working and living conditions. Even though the housing was horrible it was all they could afford.
Many people in the 19th and 20th century faced many problems in their homeland. These problems were substantial enough that it caused them to immigrate. In Ireland a potato famine wiped out a percentage of the Irish population. This occurred in the late 1840s including Black ’47 which is known as the worst year of the famine. For places like Russia, anti-Semitism and religious restrictions played a big part in immigration. (Doc. 1) The United States had no religious boundaries and was superb for those who struggled with religious distress. Economic opportunity in Europe lacked. There were also many wars which caused a lot of war debt. It was even harder considering the limited amount of jobs and limited amount of land available. The little amount of money the people in these countries actually made had to be paid back to their country in the end. (Doc. 2) They left their country in search of jobs and land, which the Industrial Revolution and Homestead Act provided. Many countries had problems with...
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