Various Phases in the Employment Process Within Peronnel Psychology

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION……………………………………..2

2.VARIOUS PHASES IN THE EMPLOYMENT PROCESS WITHIN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY USING THE OPEN SYSTEMS DIAGRAM AND LINKING IT TO IMPALA-PETROLEUM……………………………………………………2 2.1 Job analysis and evaluation……………………………………………….3 2.1.1 Workforce Planning……………………………………………………3 2.1.2 Recruitment Phase………………………………………………………4 2.1.3 Selection and Training……………………………………………………4 2.1.4 Performance Management……………………………………………….5 2.1.5 Organisational Exit………………………………………………………..5

3. THE ELEMENTS OF THE STRATEGIC WORKFORCE PLANNING PROCESS AND LINKING THE IMPACT OF THE THREE LEVELS OF BUSINESS PLANNING ON WORKFORCE PLANNING (REFERING TO IMPALA-PETROLEUM)…………6

4. BARRIERS TO IMPEMENTING AN EFECTIVE PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN IMPALA-PETROLEUM………………………………………………………….8

5. RELATE STRATEGIC HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TO PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT AT IMPALA-PETROLEUM BY APPLYING A MODEL LINKING HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT TO PERFORMANCE……………10 5.1 Strategic human resource management………………………………………….10 5.1.1 Performance Management……………………………………………………..10 5.2 Theoretical and empirical problems in the linkage between human resources management and performance…………………………………………………….11

5.3 A conceptual model in managing performance………………………………12

5.4 Key propositions of the model…………………………………………………13

5.5 Performance management at IMPALA-PETROLEUM…………………….14

6. CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………………..15

7. REFERENCES…………………………………………………………………..16 8. ASSESSMENT…………………………………………………………………...16 1. INTRODUCTION

There are various phases in the employment process within personnel psychology which are used in the management of human resources. Human resource management to operate well it has to consider these phases. That is job design and evaluation, workforce planning, recruitment, selection, training, performance management and organisational exit. These phases influence each other. Among these phases others plays an important role in personnel psychology for the organisation to accomplish their goals. That is strategic workforce planning and human resource management also performance management.

This paper is going to look on all aspects which comprise human resources management in detail basing on IMPALA-PETROLEUM case study.

2.VARIOUS PHASES IN THE EMPLOYMENT PROCESS WITHIN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY USING THE OPEN SYSTEMS DIAGRAM AND LINKING IT TO IMPALA-PETROLEUM.

Refer to Figure 3.2 in Cascio & Aguinis 2011 p. 44 (open systems diagram)

There are various phases in the employment process which are clearly shown in the open systems diagram. These employment process components interact and influence each other. Meaning that each component or phases affect the other phase. These phases include job analysis and job evaluation, workforce planning, recruitment, selection, training, performance management and organizational exit.

Employment process to be effective depends on the personnel management. Looking at IMPALA-PETROLEUM, the top management realised that people are the company’s best asset. Therefore to achieve their goals they need a strong personnel management. Hence they end up recruiting a well-known human Resource manager and appointed him as a Director to handle personnel management and supervise their current human resource officers. This was done because IMPALA-PETROLEUM workforce used to work without supervision therefore there was a need of proper personnel systems to be put in place. This is in order for the organisation to move on with their vision.

2.1 Job analysis and evaluation
Job evaluation and analysis is the cornerstone of employment process looking at the open system diagram. Whereby job analysis involves the systematic collection of information about a job and also knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform the work (see: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki industrial and organizational psychology). Job evaluation looks on how worth each job is to the...
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